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The protection against apoptosis provided by growth factors in several cell lines is due to stimulation of the phosphatidylinositol-3-OH kinase (PI(3)K) pathway, which results in activation of protein kinase B (PKB; also known as c-Akt and Rac) and phosphorylation and sequestration to protein 14-3-3 of the proapoptotic Bcl-2-family member BAD. A modest(More)
Brain ischemia induces apoptosis in neuronal cells, but the mechanism is not well understood. When wild-type mice were subjected to bilateral common carotid arteries occlusion (BCCAO) for 15 min, apoptosis-associated morphological changes and appearance of TUNEL-positive cells were observed in the striatum and in the hippocampus at 48 h after occlusion.(More)
We have examined a variant of the dopamine D2 receptor gene (Ser311-->Cys) in 156 Japanese schizophrenic patients and 300 controls. The allele frequency of Cys311 was significantly higher in the whole patient group (0.054), among patients with onset before age 25 (0.090), and among those with a family history (0.135) than in the controls (0.018). 3 patients(More)
Mast cells are involved in chronic inflammation and tissue fibrosis. To determine whether these cells are also involved in tubulointerstitial injury in glomerulonephritis, we assayed mast cell infiltration in the kidneys of 107 patients with primary or secondary glomerulonephritis. Using a monoclonal antihuman tryptase antibody, we detected mast cells in(More)
A new class of 5-halogenated pyrimidine analogs substituted at the 6-position was evaluated as competitive inhibitors of thymidine phosphorylase (TPase). The most potent member of the series was 5-chloro-6-(2-iminopyrrolidin-1-yl)methyl-2,4(1H,3H)-pyrimidine dio ne hydrochloride (TPI), which has an apparent K(i) value of 1.7 x 10(-8) M. TPI selectively(More)
In transient forebrain ischemia, sodium orthovanadate as well as insulinlike growth factor-1 (IGF-1) rescued cells from delayed neuronal death in the hippocampal CA1 region. Adult Mongolian gerbils were subjected to 5-minute forebrain ischemia. Immunoblotting analysis with anti-phospho-Akt/PKB (Akt) antibody showed that phosphorylation of Akt at serine-473(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the daily setup accuracy and the reduction of respiratory tumor movement using a body frame in conformal therapy for solitary lung tumor. METHODS AND MATERIALS Eighteen patients with a solitary lung tumor underwent conformal therapy using a body frame. The body shell of the frame was shaped to the patient's body contour. The(More)
We investigated the molecular mechanisms of angiogenesis in experimental brain metastasis. Cells from six different human cancer cell lines (proven to produce visceral metastasis) were injected into the internal carotid artery of nude mice. Colon carcinoma (KM12SM) and lung adenocarcinoma (PC14PE6 and PC14Br) cells produced large, fast-growing parenchymal(More)
In highly vascular malignant glioma, glioma cells themselves may express angiogenic factors and induce angiogenesis. Recent studies have shown that novel angiogenic factors, angiopoietin-1 (Ang1) and -2 (Ang2), play important roles in the modulation of vasculogenesis and angiogenesis. In this study, we determined Ang2 mRNA expression in cultured human(More)
We determined the molecular mechanisms that regulate the pathogenesis of malignant pleural effusion (PE) associated with advanced stage of human, non-small-cell lung cancer. Intravenous injection of human PC14 and PC14PE6 (adenocarcinoma) or H226 (squamous cell carcinoma) cells into nude mice yielded numerous lung lesions. PC14 and PC14PE6 lung lesions(More)