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The spike (S) protein of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) coronavirus (CoV), a type I transmembrane envelope glycoprotein, consists of S1 and S2 domains responsible for virus binding and fusion, respectively. The S1 contains a receptor-binding domain (RBD) that can specifically bind to angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), the receptor on target(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effectiveness safety and tolerance of mycophenolate mofeil(MMF) in severe IgA nephropathy and evaluate the dosage adjustment and course for clinical treatment. METHODS 62 patients with IgA nephropathy diagnosed by renal biopsy as Lee's grade IV and V with urinary protein > 2.0 g/d were enrolled randomly in the trial. The(More)
T20 (Fuzeon), a novel anti-human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) drug, is a peptide derived from HIV-1 gp41 C-terminal heptad repeat (CHR). Its mechanism of action has not yet been defined. We applied Pepscan strategy to determine the relationship between functional domains and mechanisms of action of five 36-mer overlapping peptides with a shift of five amino(More)
Influenza A viruses (IAVs) cause seasonal pandemics and epidemics with high morbidity and mortality, which calls for effective anti-IAV agents. The glycoprotein hemagglutinin of influenza virus plays a crucial role in the initial stage of virus infection, making it a potential target for anti-influenza therapeutics development. Here we found that quercetin(More)
The ternary complex of spectrin, F-actin, and protein 4.1R defines the erythrocyte membrane skeletal network, which governs the stability and elasticity of the membrane. It has been shown that both 4.1R and actin bind to the N-terminal region (residues 1-301) of the spectrin beta chain, which contains two calponin homology domains, designated CH1 and CH2.(More)
Aerobic growth conditions significantly influenced anaerobic succinate production in two-stage fermentation by Escherichia coli AFP111 with knockouts in rpoS, pflAB, ldhA, and ptsG genes. At a low cell growth rate limited by glucose, enzymes involved in the reductive arm of the tricarboxylic acid cycle and the glyoxylate shunt showed elevated activities,(More)
BACKGROUND Studies on the fusion-inhibitory peptides derived from the heptad repeat 1 and 2 (HR1 and HR2) regions of the HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein gp41 provided crucial information on the viral fusogenic mechanism. We used a similar approach to study the fusogenic mechanism of severe-acute-respiratory-syndrome-associated coronavirus (SARS-CoV). METHODS(More)
The fusogenic human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) gp41 core structure is a stable six-helix bundle formed by its N- and C-terminal heptad repeat sequences. Notably, the negatively charged residue Asp(632) located at the pocket-binding motif in the C-terminal heptad repeat interacts with the positively charged residue Lys(574) in the pocket formation(More)
Escherichia coli AFP111, a pflB, ldhA, ptsG triple mutant of E. coli W1485, can be recovered for additional succinate production in fresh medium after two-stage fermentation (an aerobic growth stage followed by an anaerobic production stage). However, the specific productivity is lower than that of two-stage fermentation. In this study, three strategies(More)
A recently approved peptidic human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) fusion inhibitor, T-20 (Fuzeon; Trimeris Inc.), has shown significant promise in clinical application for treating HIV-1-infected individuals who have failed to respond to the currently available antiretroviral drugs. However, T-20 must be injected twice daily and is too expensive.(More)