Shuwen Liu

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BACKGROUND Studies on the fusion-inhibitory peptides derived from the heptad repeat 1 and 2 (HR1 and HR2) regions of the HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein gp41 provided crucial information on the viral fusogenic mechanism. We used a similar approach to study the fusogenic mechanism of severe-acute-respiratory-syndrome-associated coronavirus (SARS-CoV). METHODS(More)
A novel swine-origin pandemic influenza A(H1N1) virus (H1N1pdm, also referred to as S-OIV) was identified as the causative agent of the 21(st) century's first influenza pandemic, but molecular features conferring its ability of human-to-human transmission has not been identified. Here we compared the protein sequences of 2009 H1N1pdm strains with those(More)
BACKGROUND The B', CRF07_BC and CRF01_AE are the predominant HIV-1 subtypes in China. It is essential to determine their baseline susceptibility to HIV entry inhibitors before these drugs are used in China. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS The baseline susceptibility of 14 representative HIV-1 isolates (5 CRF07_BC, 4 CRF01_AE, and 5 B'), most of which were(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have shown that 3-hydroxyphthalic anhydride (HP)-modified bovine milk protein, beta-lactoglobulin (beta-LG), is a promising microbicide candidate. However, concerns regarding the potential risk of prion contamination in bovine products and carcinogenic potential of phthalate derivatives were raised. Here we sought to replace(More)
l-Serine plays a critical role as a building block for cell growth, and thus it is difficult to achieve the direct fermentation of l-serine from glucose. In this study, Corynebacterium glutamicum ATCC 13032 was engineered de novo by blocking and attenuating the conversion of l-serine to pyruvate and glycine, releasing the feedback inhibition by l-serine to(More)
Development of a versatile mammalian display system is essential for the selection of functional human antibodies with high affinities. Here we described a novel strategy for rapid construction of full-length antibody libraries that could be efficiently expressed on mammalian cell surfaces. The universal vector pDGB-HC-TM was constructed by inserting(More)
Influenza A virus (IAV) has caused seasonal influenza epidemics and influenza pandemics, which resulted in serious threat to public health and socioeconomic impacts. Until now, only 5 drugs belong to two categories are used for prophylaxis and treatment of IAV infection. Hemagglutinin (HA), the envelope glycoprotein of IAV, plays a critical role in viral(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Hyperuricemia could lead to serious renal disease. It will advance our understanding of the mechanism of this disease to study the differentially expressed protein in renal tubular epithelial cells stimulated by elevated uric acid. METHODS We used SILAC coupled to LC-MS to study differentially expressed protein profile and to analysis the(More)
Influenza A viruses (IAVs) cause seasonal pandemics and epidemics with high morbidity and mortality, which calls for effective anti-IAV agents. The glycoprotein hemagglutinin of influenza virus plays a crucial role in the initial stage of virus infection, making it a potential target for anti-influenza therapeutics development. Here we found that quercetin(More)
The influenza glycoprotein hemagglutinin (HA) plays crucial roles in the early stage of virus infection, including receptor binding and membrane fusion. Therefore, HA is a potential target for developing anti-influenza drugs. Recently, we characterized a novel inhibitor of highly pathogenic H5N1 influenza virus, CL-385319, which specifically inhibits(More)