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Group 1 late embryogenesis-abundant (LEA1) proteins protect enzyme activity from dehydration and are structurally conserved with three different 20 amino acid motifs in the N-terminal, middle and C-terminal domains. Three soybean Em (LEA1) domain peptides (Em-N, Em-2M and Em-C) covering these respective motifs were constructed and had differential(More)
Bombesin receptor subtype 3 (BRS-3) is a G protein coupled receptor whose natural ligand is unknown. We developed potent, selective agonist (Bag-1, Bag-2) and antagonist (Bantag-1) ligands to explore BRS-3 function. BRS-3-binding sites were identified in the hypothalamus, caudal brainstem, and several midbrain nuclei that harbor monoaminergic cell bodies.(More)
We report SAR studies on a novel non-peptidic bombesin receptor subtype-3 (BRS-3) agonist lead series derived from high-throughput screening hit RY-337. This effort led to the discovery of compound 22e with significantly improved potency at both rodent and human BRS-3.
This Letter describes a series of potent and selective BRS-3 agonists containing a biarylethylimidazole pharmacophore. Extensive SAR studies were carried out with different aryl substitutions. This work led to the identification of a compound 2-{2-[4-(pyridin-2-yl)phenyl]ethyl}-5-(2,2-dimethylbutyl)-1H-imidazole 9 with excellent binding affinity (IC(50)=18(More)
SAR around non-peptidic potent bombesin receptor subtype-3 (BRS-3) agonist lead 2 is presented. Attempts to replace the carboxylic acid with heterocyclic isosteres to improve oral bioavailability and brain penetration are described.
This letter provides the first pharmacological proof of principle that the sst3 receptor mediates glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) from pancreatic β-cells. To enable these studies, we identified the selective sst3 antagonist (1R,3R)-3-(5-phenyl-1H-imidazol-2-yl)-1-(tetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-yl)-2,3,4,9-tetrahydro-1H-β-carboline (5a), with improved(More)
Inhibition of Diacylglycerol O-acyltransferase 1 (DGAT1) has been a mechanism of interest for metabolic disorders. DGAT1 inhibition has been shown to be a key regulator in an array of metabolic pathways; however, based on the DGAT1 KO mouse phenotype the anticipation is that pharmacological inhibition of DGAT1 could potentially lead to skin related adverse(More)
We report an SAR study of MC4R analogs containing spiroindane heterocyclic privileged structures. Compound 26 with N-Me-1,2,4-triazole moiety possesses exceptional potency at MC4R and potent anti-obesity efficacy in a mouse model. However, the efficacy is not completely mediated through MC4R. Additional SAR studies led to the discovery of compound 32, which(More)
We report a series of potent and selective MC4R agonists based on spiroindane amide privileged structures for potential treatments of obesity. Among the synthetic methods used, Method C allows rapid synthesis of the analogs. The series of compounds can afford high potency on MC4R as well as good rodent pharmacokinetic profiles. Compound 1r (MK-0489)(More)