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Spinocerebellar ataxia type 6 (SCA6) is one of the eight neurodegenerative diseases caused by a tri-nucleotide (CAG) repeat expansion coding polyglutamine (CAG repeat/polyglutamine diseases) and is characterized by late onset autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia and predominant loss of cerebellar Purkinje cells. Although the causative, small and stable CAG(More)
Aggregations of the alpha1A-calcium channel protein have been previously demonstrated in spinocerebellar ataxia type 6 (SCA6). Here the authors show that small aggregates, labeled by a monoclonal antibody 1C2 that preferentially detects expanded polyglutamine larger than that in SCA6 mutation, are present mainly in the cytoplasm but also in the nucleus of(More)
Abnormal CAG repeat expansion in the alpha1A voltage-dependent calcium channel gene is associated with spinocerebellar ataxia type 6, an autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia with a predominant loss of the Purkinje cell. A reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction analysis of mRNA from mouse Purkinje cells revealed a predominant expression of the(More)
Autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia (ADCA) is a group of heterogeneous neurodegenerative disorders. We previously mapped a gene locus for ADCA with pure cerebellar syndrome (ADCA type III) to a 3-cM region in chromosome 16q, and found a common haplotype among affected individuals. This region was exactly within the locus for another ADCA, spinocerebellar(More)
Autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia (ADCA) is a group of heterogeneous neurodegenerative disorders. By positional cloning, we have identified the gene strongly associated with a form of degenerative ataxia (chromosome 16q22.1-linked ADCA) that clinically shows progressive pure cerebellar ataxia. Detailed examination by use of audiogram suggested that(More)
The 16q22.1-linked autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia (16q-ADCA; Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man [OMIN] #117210) is one of the most common ADCAs in Japan. Previously, we had reported that the patients share a common haplotype by founder effect and that a C-to-T substitution (-16C>T) in the puratrophin-1 gene was strongly associated with the disease.(More)
Machado-Joseph disease (MJD)/spinocerebellar ataxia type 3 (SCA3) is one of the dominantly inherited cerebellar ataxias. The gene responsible for the disease, a novel gene of unknown function, encodes ataxin-3 containing a polyglutamine stretch. Although it has been known that ataxin-3 is incorporated into neuronal intranuclear inclusions (NIIs) in neurons(More)
Presented is the new kindred with autosomal dominant cerebellar ataxia linked to chromosome 16q22.1 (16q-ADCA type III) associated with progressive hearing loss. By haplotype analysis, the critical interval was slightly narrowed to three megabase regions between GATA01 and D16S3095. Neuropathologic study of 16q-ADCA type III demonstrated characteristic(More)