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The human prefrontal cortex (PFC), a mastermind of the brain, is one of the last brain regions to mature. To investigate the role of epigenetics in the development of PFC, we examined DNA methylation in ∼14,500 genes at ∼27,000 CpG loci focused on 5' promoter regions in 108 subjects range in age from fetal to elderly. DNA methylation in the PFC shows unique(More)
This preliminary study was performed to test the reliability and validity of the Brief Assessment of Cognition in Schizophrenia (BACS) as an assessment tool in a Japanese-language version (BACS-J). The subjects for the present study were 30 outpatients with chronic schizophrenia. Each subject gave written informed consent to participate in the research.(More)
Gamma-amino butyric acid (GABA) is thought to play a role in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. High magnetic field proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ((1)H-MRS) provides a reliable measurement of GABA in specific regions of the brain. This study measured GABA concentration in the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) and in the left basal ganglia (ltBG)(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is a neurotrophic factor that promotes several functions of neurons and modulates neurotransmissions. It has been reported that there are alterations of BDNF levels in schizophrenic brains and that BDNF gene expressional changes would be responsible for the etiology of schizophrenia. Recent studies have shown that a(More)
Rabphilin-3A is a putative target molecule for rab3A p25/smg p25A, which is a member of a ras p21-related small GTP-binding protein and implicated in neurotransmitter release from the synapse. Rabphilin-3A has two copies of an internal repeat that are homologous to the C2 domains of protein kinase C, synaptotagmin, and phospholipase A2, which are known to(More)
The phosphodiesterase 4B (PDE4B) gene is located at 1p31, a susceptibility region for schizophrenia (SZ). Moreover, PDE4B interacts with DISC1, which is a known genetic risk factor for SZ. Recently, it was reported that the PDE4B gene is associated with SZ in Caucasian and African American populations. In this study, case-controlled association analyses(More)
A change in the glutamatergic system is thought to play an important role in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. The aim of this study was to investigate the changes in metabolites, including glutamate (Glu), in the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) and the left basal ganglia (ltBG) of patients with chronic schizophrenia using proton magnetic resonance(More)
BACKGROUND Gene expressions of the peripheral leukocytes in depressive patients might reflect the systemic dysfunction of major depression. We determined mRNA expression levels of Histone deacetylase 5 (HDAC5) gene and cyclic AMP response element-binding protein 1 (CREB) gene in the leukocyte of depressive patients. HDAC5 and CREB are reported to be(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of the present study was to clarify the association of serum cytokine concentrations, determined using a multiplexed cytokine assay, with psychological symptoms in midlife women. METHODS Fifty-three peri- and post-menopausal women with and without psychological symptoms in Greene's climacteric scale were enrolled in this study.(More)
LIM (PDLIM5) is a small protein that interacts with protein kinase C-epsilon and the N-type calcium channel alpha-1B subunit and modulates neuronal calcium signaling. Recently, the LIM mRNA expression in postmortem brains and immortalized lymphoblastoid cells from mood disorder patients was reported to be changed and seems to be involved in its(More)