Shuraila F. Zerp

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Alkyl-lysophospholipids (ALPs) represent a new class of antitumor drugs that induce apoptotic cell death in a variety of tumor cell lines. Although their precise mechanism of action is unknown, ALPs primarily act on the cell membrane, where they inhibit signaling through the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway. Because stimulation of the(More)
Synthetic alkyl-lysophospholipids (ALPs, also referred to as ether-phospholipids) have been studied as antitumor agents for more than a decade. Classical examples of these ALPs include 1-O-octadecyl-2-O-methyl-rac-glycero-3-phosphocholine (ET-18-OCH(3); Edelfosine) and hexadecylphosphocholine (HePC; Miltefosine). Unlike most currently available(More)
Intermittent or recreational exposure to sunlight is thought to contribute to development of human cutaneous melanoma. We investigated the incidence of ras oncogene mutation in human cutaneous melanoma in connection to sun-exposed body sites in the patient, using a large series of DNA samples derived from paraffin-embedded material as well as from fresh(More)
Synthetic alkyl-lysophospholipids (ALPs) represent a new class of anti-tumor agents that target cell membranes and induce apoptosis. However, the exact mechanisms by which ALPs exert these effects remain unclear. Here, we investigated in the epithelial carcinoma cell lines A431 and HeLa the effect of three clinically relevant ALPs [Et-18-OCH3 (Edelfosine),(More)
Structural features of Internal Transcribed Spacer 1 (ITS1) that direct its removal from Saccharomyces cerevisiae pre-rRNA during processing were identified by an initial phylogenetic approach followed by in vivo mutational analysis of specific structural elements. We found that S. cerevisiae ITS1 can functionally be replaced by the corresponding regions(More)
The anticancer agent doxorubicin is in certain cases administered as a long-circulating liposomal formulation. Due to angiogenesis-related structural abnormalities in the endothelial lining of many neoplasms, these complexes tend to extravasate and accumulate in the tumor stroma. However, delivery of doxorubicin is still not optimal since liposomes are not(More)
Ionizing radiation, like a variety of other cellular stress factors, initiates apoptosis, or programmed cell death, in many cell systems. This mode of radiation-induced cell kill should be distinguished from clonogenic cell death due to unrepaired DNA damage. Ionizing radiation not only exerts its effect on the nuclear DNA, but also at the plasma membrane(More)
BACKGROUND Gossypol, a naturally occurring polyphenolic compound has been identified as a small molecule inhibitor of anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 family proteins. It induces apoptosis in a wide range of tumor cell lines and enhances chemotherapy- and radiation-induced cytotoxicity both in vitro and in vivo. Bcl-2 and related proteins are important inhibitors of(More)
BACKGROUND Pro-survival Bcl-2 family members can promote cancer development and contribute to treatment resistance. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is frequently characterized by overexpression of anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 family members. Increased levels of these anti-apoptotic proteins have been associated with radio- and chemoresistance and poor(More)
Synthetic ALPs, e.g., Et-18-OCH(3) and HePC, are anticancer agents that accumulate in cell membranes, where they interfere with lipid-mediated signal transduction. We previously reported that ALPs, when added at micromolar concentrations (5-25 microM), inhibit growth factor-induced MAPK/ERK activation and enhance radiation-induced apoptosis. We now show(More)