Shuqiang Niu

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Using potentially bidentate ligands (-SC2H4NH2), we produced [2Fe-2S]+ species of different coordination geometries by fission of [4Fe-4S]2+ complexes. Even though the ligands are monodentate in the cubane complexes, both mono- and bidentate complexes were observed in the [2Fe] fission products through self-assembly because of the high reactivity of the(More)
Many quantum mechanical calculations indicate water molecules in the gas and liquid phase have much larger quadrupole moments than any of the common site models of water for computer simulations. Here, comparisons of multipoles from quantum mechanical∕molecular mechanical (QM∕MM) calculations at the MP2∕aug-cc-pVQZ level on a B3LYP∕aug-cc-pVQZ level(More)
The oxidation-reduction potentials of electron transfer proteins determine the driving forces for their electron transfer reactions. Although the type of redox site determines the intrinsic energy required to add or remove an electron, the electrostatic interaction energy between the redox site and its surrounding environment can greatly shift the redox(More)
The cubane [4Fe-4S] is the most common multinuclear metal center in nature for electron transfer and storage. Using electrospray, we produced a series of gaseous doubly charged cubane-type complexes, [Fe4S4L4]2- (L = -SC2H5, -SH, -Cl, -Br, -I) and the Se-analogues [Fe4Se4L4]2- (L = -SC2H5, -Cl), and probed their electronic structures with photoelectron(More)
We report the observation of symmetric fission in doubly charged Fe-S cluster anions, [Fe(4)S(4)X(4)](2-)-->2[Fe(2)S(2)X(2)](-) (X=Cl,Br), owing to both Coulomb repulsion and antiferromagnetic coupling. Photoelectron spectroscopy shows that both the parent and the fission fragments have similar electronic structures and confirms the inverted energy schemes(More)
The cleavage of [4Fe-4S]-type clusters is thought to be important in proteins such as Fe-S scaffold proteins and nitrogenase. However, most [4Fe-4S](2+) clusters in proteins have two antiferromagnetically coupled high-spin layers in which a minority spin is delocalized in each layer, thus forming a symmetric Fe(2.5+)-Fe(2.5+) pair, and how cleavage occurs(More)
Foldable polymers with alternating single-strand deoxyribonucleic acid and planar conjugated organic perylene tetracarboxylic diimide units were found to self-organize into loosely folded nanostructures. Upon heating, the loosely folded structures become more ordered as evidenced by pi-stacking in the perylene segments. The folding and unfolding processes(More)
A central issue in understanding redox properties of iron-sulfur proteins is determining the factors that tune the reduction potentials of the Fe-S clusters. Recently, Solomon and coworkers have shown that the Fe-S bond covalency of protein analogs measured by %L, the percent ligand character of the Fe 3d orbitals, from ligand K-edge X-ray absorption(More)
The large differences in redox potentials between the HiPIPs and ferredoxins are generally attributed to hydrogen bonds and electrostatic effects from the protein and solvent. Recent ligand K-edge X-ray absorption studies by Solomon and co-workers show that the Fe-S covalencies of [4Fe-4S] clusters in the two proteins differ considerably apparently because(More)
The role of aromatic and nonaromatic amino acids in amyloid formation has been elucidated by calculating interaction energies between β-sheets in amyloid model systems using density functional theory (B3LYP-D3/6-31G*). The model systems were based on experimental crystal structures of two types of amyloids: (1) with aromatic amino acids, and (2) without(More)