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Routing metrics play a critical role in wireless mesh networks (WMNs). Several metrics have already been proposed but none of them can well meet the specific requirement brought by large-scale multi-radio mesh networks (LSMRMNs). In LSMRMNs, most of traffic has much longer paths than in small scale WMNs. The channel distribution on a long path thus has a(More)
We study the optimal division of cells into different service areas served under different coordinated transmission modes, i.e. combinations of base stations simultaneously transmitting, in order to avoid the adverse effect of inter-cell interference and to maximize the system capacity. We focus on the general case where the traffic load is inhomogeneous(More)
A novel mobile peer-to-peer (MP2P) in cellular networks is presented in this paper. The proposed architecture is based on Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) that is part of the IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS) in the third-generation mobile cellular networks. In this architecture, P2P control messages are transported in SIP messages, so called P2PoverSIP. By(More)
An Interest-based Clustering peer-to-peer Network (ICN) architecture is introduced in this paper. ICN uses a lot of Freenet mechanisms and is based on cache management. ICN is self-organizing, fully distributed, scalable, and logically hierarchical. In ICN, the upper level is bound by de Bruijn graph. Nodes in the lower level self-cluster based on interest.(More)
Secure routing of Mobile Ad-hoc Networks (MANETs) is still a hard problem after years of research. We therefore propose to design a secure routing protocol in a new approach. This protocol starts from a prerequisite secure status and fortifies this status by protecting packets using identity-based cryptography and updating cryptographic keys using threshold(More)
In this paper, we present a novel medical image fusion method by taking the complementary advantages of two powerful image representation theories: nonsubsampled contourlet transform (NSCT) and sparse representation (SR). In our fusion algorithm, the NSCT is firstly performed on each of the pre-registered source images to obtain the lowpass and high-pass(More)
The curvature of the midcostal region of the diaphragm in seven dogs was determined at functional residual capacity (FRC) and end inspiration during spontaneous breathing and mechanical ventilation and at total lung capacity in the prone and supine positions. Metallic markers were attached to muscle fibers on the abdominal surface of the diaphragm, and the(More)