Shunya Takahashi

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The C10-C18 unsaturated, acyclic, aliphatic compounds that contain an oxygenated functional group (alcohol, aldehyde, or acetate ester) are a major class of sex pheromones produced by female moths. In the biosynthesis of these pheromone components, the key enzyme required to produce the oxygenated functional groups is fatty-acyl reductase (FAR). This enzyme(More)
The straight-chain C(10) to C(18) unsaturated aliphatic compounds containing an oxygenated functional group (aldehyde, alcohol, or acetate ester) derived from saturated C(16) or C(18) fatty acids are a major class of sex pheromone components produced by female moths. In the biosynthesis of these pheromone components, various combinations of limited(More)
The effects of Brazilian green propolis ethanol extract on Cry j1-induced cys-leukotrienes and histamine release from peripheral leukocytes of patients with allergic rhinitis were investigated. One of the key mechanisms for the anti-allergic properties of the extract was revealed to be the suppression of cys-LTs release. Furthermore, a series of propolis(More)
In the screening of selective inhibitors of eukaryotic DNA polymerases (pols), dehydroaltenusin was found to be an inhibitor of pol alpha from a fungus (Alternaria tennuis). We succeeded in chemically synthesizing dehydroaltenusin, and the compound inhibited only mammalian pol alpha with IC50 value of 0.5 microM, and did not influence the activities of(More)
A new inhibitor of TNF-α production (IC50=0.89 μM) named vialinin C (1) was isolated from dry fruiting bodies of an edible Chinese mushroom, Thelephora vialis. The structure of 1 was determined by high-resolution MS, NMR spectroscopic analysis, and confirmed by synthesis. Synthesis of ganbajunin B (5) obtained from the same origin was also described.
We recently reported that 3'-sulfonoquinovosyl-1'-monoacylglycerol (designated A-5) extracted from sea urchin intestine was effective in suppressing the growth of solid tumors. Although the major fatty acid component of A-5 was a saturated C(16) acid, there were five other fatty acids, 14:0, 18:0, 14:1, 16:1, and 18:1, which constitute minor components of(More)
We reported previously that sulfo-glycolipids such as sulfoquinovosyl-diacylglycerol (SQDG) and sulfoquinovosyl-monoacylglycerol (SQMG) are potent inhibitors of DNA polymerase alpha and beta and antineoplastic agents. Then, we succeeded in synthesizing SQDG and SQMG chemically, including their stereoisomers, glucopyranosyl-diacylglycerol (GDG) and(More)
BACKGROUND It is important to develop new immunosuppressive agents without clinical drawbacks. In this article, we reveal the possibility of a chemically synthetic sulfonolipid that acts as a novel immunosuppressive drug. METHODS We evaluated the immunosuppressive effect of 3-O-(6-deoxy-6-sulfono-beta-D-glucopyranosyl)-1,2-di-O-acylglycerol (beta-SQDG)(More)
Lysophospholipids are important signaling molecules in animals and metazoan cells. They are widely distributed among marine invertebrates, where their physiological roles are unknown. Sea cucumbers produce unique lysophospholipids. In this study, two lysophospholipids were detected in Holothuria atra for the first time, lyso-platelet activating factor and(More)
A new compound, 15,20-dinor-5,7,9-labdatriene-18-ol (1), named kujigamberol, was isolated from amber, fossilized tree resin from the Kuji area in Japan, has been dated as being 85 million years old (late Cretaceous). Kujigamberol was identified using the hypersensitive mutant yeast (zds1∆ erg3∆ pdr1∆ pdr3∆) with respect to Ca(2+)-signal transduction. The(More)