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Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) can be generated by the expression of defined transcription factors not only from normal tissue, but also from malignant cells. Cancer-derived iPSCs are expected to provide a novel experimental opportunity to establish the disease model. We generated iPSCs from imatinib-sensitive chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML)(More)
Evi1 (ecotropic viral integration site 1) is essential for proliferation of hematopoietic stem cells and implicated in the development of myeloid disorders. Particularly, high Evi1 expression defines one of the largest clusters in acute myeloid leukemia and is significantly associated with extremely poor prognosis. However, mechanistic basis of(More)
Ecotropic viral integration site 1 (Evi1), a transcription factor of the SET/PR domain protein family, is essential for the maintenance of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) in mice and is overexpressed in several myeloid malignancies. Here, we generate reporter mice in which an internal ribosome entry site (IRES)-GFP cassette is knocked-in to the Evi1 locus.(More)
BACKGROUND The onset of invasive aspergillosis (IA) after allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is bimodal. However, IA early after HSCT has become less frequent due to the shortened neutropenic period, and the clinical significance of empirical treatment for aspergillosis based on persistent febrile neutropenia (FN) became less clear.(More)
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a heterogeneous hematologic malignancy that originates from leukemia-initiating cells (LICs). The identification of common mechanisms underlying LIC development will be important in establishing broadly effective therapeutics for AML. Constitutive NF-κB pathway activation has been reported in different types of AML; however,(More)
Familial platelet disorder (FPD) with predisposition to acute myelogenous leukaemia (AML) is characterized by platelet defects with a propensity for the development of haematological malignancies. Its molecular pathogenesis is poorly understood, except for the role of germline RUNX1 mutations. Here we show that CDC25C mutations are frequently found in(More)
Familial platelet disorder with propensity to acute myeloid leukemia (FPD/AML) is an autosomal dominant disease associated with a germline mutation in the RUNX1 gene and is characterized by thrombocytopenia and an increased risk of developing myeloid malignancies. We generated induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from dermal fibroblasts of a patient with(More)
Cyclosporine A (CsA) is the mainstay of pharmacologic prevention of acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). We previously reported that continuous infusion of CsA with a target blood level between 250 and 400 ng/ml significantly increased the incidence of acute GVHD compared to twice-daily infusion with a target trough level between 150 and 300 ng/ml. Thus,(More)
Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPS) derived from disease cells are expected to provide a new experimental material, especially for diseases from which samples are difficult to obtain. In this study, we generated iPS from samples from patients with primary and secondary myelofibrosis. The primary myelofibrosis cells had chromosome 13q deletions, and the(More)
We report successful treatment with 25 microg/kg of recombinant methionyl human stem cell factor (SCF) combined with 400 microg/m2 of recombinant human granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) in 2 patients with aplastic anemia refractory to immunosuppressive therapy. In one patient, hemoglobin levels increased from 6.4 g/dL to 11.3 g/dL after 36 weeks(More)