Shunsuke Takata

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This study examined the time course of recovery from nerve injury on energy state assessed by phosphorus-31 magnetic resonance spectroscopy and local circulation dynamics by fluorine-19 magnetic resonance spectroscopy in skeletal muscles of rats. The hindlimb muscles that had undergone unilateral sciatic nerve compression for 2 wk (CN) were compared with(More)
Diabetic conditions promote glomerulosclerosis by mesangial cells but the mechanisms are not fully elucidated. The present study evaluated the expression of toll-like receptor 4 in glomerular endothelial cells in the streptozotocin (STZ)-induced type 1 diabetic mouse (ICR-STZ) and the type 2 diabetic KK/TaJcl mouse which were fed a high fat diet feed(More)
We investigated the role of neurogenic inflammation and the subsequent mechanisms in cigarette smoke-induced airway hyperresponsiveness in guinea pigs. Exposure to cigarette smoke was carried out at tidal volume for 3 min. Airway responsiveness to histamine was determined before and after smoke exposure followed by bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL). Plasma(More)
To elucidate the role of the axon reflex in the airways, we studied the effects of atropine (10(-6) M) and tetrodotoxin (10(-7) M) on the bradykinin-induced contraction of guinea pig tracheal smooth muscle, with or without pretreatment of the animals with capsaicin. The concentration-response curves to bradykinin (10(-9) to 10(-5) M) were measured in the(More)
BACKGROUND Helicobacter pylori-induced gastritis is an important factor for gastric carcinogenesis. However, it is still controversial whether it is also applicable for cardiac cancer development. Recently, we reported that H. pylori is an important factor for the induction of cardiac inflammation. We examined the status of H. pylori-induced gastritis in(More)
We examined the effect of weight bearing (WB) on muscle recovery after nerve injury. Rats were housed in individual cages for 2 wk under WB or hindlimb suspension (HS) after being subjected to sciatic nerve compression for 1 wk. Sham operated on rats served as controls (sham group). We used 31P- and 19F-nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy combined with(More)
To clarify the protective effects of pituitary adenylate cyclase activating peptide (PACAP) on airway narrowing, we examined the effects of PACAP on smooth muscle contraction and plasma extravasation in guinea-pig airways. Smooth muscle contraction evoked by electrical field stimulation (EFS) or exogenously applied acetylcholine (ACh) or substance P (SP)(More)
The neurotransmitters responsible for neurogenic airway relaxation are still unknown. We investigated the effects of N omega-nitro-L-arginine methylester (L-NAME) on nonadrenergic and noncholinergic (NANC) relaxation evoked by electrical stimulation of vagus nerves in vivo and in vitro in cat. To that end, we measured pulmonary resistance during vagal nerve(More)
Acute exposure to cigarette smoke provokes bronchoconstriction and increases the concentration of thromboxane (Tx) A2 in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of TxA2 and cholinergic mechanisms in the airway response induced by exposure to cigarette smoke in guinea-pigs. Anaesthetized animals were exposed(More)
The toll-like receptor (TLR) has been suggested as a candidate cause for diabetic nephropathy. Recently, we have reported the TLR4 expression in diabetic mouse glomerular endothelium. The study here investigates the effects of the periodontal pathogen Porphyromonas gingivalis lipopolysaccharide (LPS) which is a ligand for TLR2 and TLR4 in diabetic(More)