Shunsuke Takata

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Diabetic conditions promote glomerulosclerosis by mesangial cells but the mechanisms are not fully elucidated. The present study evaluated the expression of toll-like receptor 4 in glomerular endothelial cells in the streptozotocin (STZ)-induced type 1 diabetic mouse (ICR-STZ) and the type 2 diabetic KK/TaJcl mouse which were fed a high fat diet feed(More)
To clarify the protective effects of pituitary adenylate cyclase activating peptide (PACAP) on airway narrowing, we examined the effects of PACAP on smooth muscle contraction and plasma extravasation in guinea-pig airways. Smooth muscle contraction evoked by electrical field stimulation (EFS) or exogenously applied acetylcholine (ACh) or substance P (SP)(More)
The toll-like receptor (TLR) has been suggested as a candidate cause for diabetic nephropathy. Recently, we have reported the TLR4 expression in diabetic mouse glomerular endothelium. The study here investigates the effects of the periodontal pathogen Porphyromonas gingivalis lipopolysaccharide (LPS) which is a ligand for TLR2 and TLR4 in diabetic(More)
The dynamics of the renal lymphatic circulation in diabetic nephropathy is not fully elucidated. The present study evaluated the effect of diabetic nephropathy on the renal lymphatic circulation in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced type 1 diabetic mice (ICR-STZ) and in type 2 diabetic KK/Ta mice which were fed a high fat diet (KK/Ta-HF). The diabetic mouse(More)
It has been reported that a low concentration of exogenously applied vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) suppresses the release of acetylcholine (ACh) from vagus nerve terminals in the ferret and feline trachea. There has been, however, no documentation of the prejunctional action of VIP in the human airway. We observed the effects of VIP and VIP(More)
To elucidate the role of the axon reflex in the airways, we studied the effects of atropine (10(-6) M) and tetrodotoxin (10(-7) M) on the bradykinin-induced contraction of guinea pig tracheal smooth muscle, with or without pretreatment of the animals with capsaicin. The concentration-response curves to bradykinin (10(-9) to 10(-5) M) were measured in the(More)
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