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Schizophrenia is characterized by reduced hippocampal volume, decreased dendritic spine density, altered neuroplasticity signaling pathways, and cognitive deficits associated with impaired hippocampal function. We sought to determine whether this diverse pathology could be linked to NMDA receptor (NMDAR) hypofunction, and thus used the serine racemase-null(More)
d-Serine, a co-agonist at the NMDA receptor (NMDAR), is synthesized from l-serine by the enzyme serine racemase (SR), which is heavily expressed in the forebrain. Although SR was originally reported to be localized exclusively to astrocytes, recent conditional knock out results demonstrate that little SR is expressed in forebrain astrocytes. As a(More)
PURPOSE Changes in physiological, pathophysiological, and/or nutritional conditions often alter the expression of drug-metabolizing enzymes. In this study, we investigated obesity-induced changes in hepatic cytochrome P450 (P450) levels using nutritionally obese mice. METHODS To induce obesity, mice were fed a high-fat diet or treated with gold(More)
Physiological and pathophysiological conditions often affect the expression of drug metabolizing enzymes such as cytochromes P450 (P450s). Diabetes is one such factor and it is of great interest to understand its effects on drug metabolism, since diabetic patients generally have increased need for pharmacotherapy. We have recently reported the coordinated(More)
There is substantial evidence that NMDA receptor (NMDAR) hypofunction contributes to the pathophysiology of schizophrenia (SCZ). A recent large-scale genome-wide association study identified serine racemase (SR), the enzyme that produces the NMDAR co-agonist D-serine, as a risk gene for SCZ. Serine racemase knockout (SR-/-) mice, which lack D-serine,(More)
We experienced the first death case of the serotonin syndrome in Japan caused by fluvoxamine and tandospirone. A 15-year-old man was transported to our hospital for shock, muscle hypertonia and hyperthermia after cardiopulmonary arrest. His serum concentrations of fluvoxamine and tandospirone were 3,554 ng/mL and 698 ng/mL respectively after 24 hours from(More)
Using the Frobenius map, we introduce a new invariant for a pair (R, a) of a ring R and an ideal a ⊂ R, which we call the F-pure threshold c(a) of a, and study its properties. We see that the F-pure threshold characterizes several ring theoretic properties. By virtue of Hara and Yoshida's result [HY], the F-pure threshold c(a) in characteristic zero(More)