Shunsuke Takagi

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Schizophrenia is characterized by reduced hippocampal volume, decreased dendritic spine density, altered neuroplasticity signaling pathways, and cognitive deficits associated with impaired hippocampal function. We sought to determine whether this diverse pathology could be linked to NMDA receptor (NMDAR) hypofunction, and thus used the serine racemase-null(More)
d-Serine, a co-agonist at the NMDA receptor (NMDAR), is synthesized from l-serine by the enzyme serine racemase (SR), which is heavily expressed in the forebrain. Although SR was originally reported to be localized exclusively to astrocytes, recent conditional knock out results demonstrate that little SR is expressed in forebrain astrocytes. As a(More)
There is substantial evidence that NMDA receptor (NMDAR) hypofunction contributes to the pathophysiology of schizophrenia (SCZ). A recent large-scale genome-wide association study identified serine racemase (SR), the enzyme that produces the NMDAR co-agonist D-serine, as a risk gene for SCZ. Serine racemase knockout (SR-/-) mice, which lack D-serine,(More)
NMDA receptor (NMDAR) hypofunction is a compelling hypothesis for the pathophysiology of schizophrenia, because in part, NMDAR antagonists cause symptoms in healthy adult subjects that resemble schizophrenia. Therefore, NMDAR antagonists have been used as a method to induce NMDAR hypofunction in animals as a pharmacological model of schizophrenia. Serine(More)
OBJECTIVE Psychogenic polydipsia occurs frequently in patients with chronic psychiatric illness and is often unmanageable. We herein report 5 patients in whom acetazolamide was trialed for this symptom. METHODS We encountered a case in which polydipsia improved with incidental administration of acetazolamide. We then used this treatment for 4 additional(More)
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