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 Coordination between the left and right limbs during cyclic movements, which can be characterized by the amplitude of each limb's oscillatory movement and relative phase, is impaired in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). A pedaling exercise on an ergometer in a recent clinical study revealed several types of coordination disorder in PD patients. These(More)
For the Ornstein-Uhlenbeck neuronal model a quantitative method is proposed for the estimation of the two parameters characterizing the unkown input process, namely the neuron's mean input per unit time μ and the infinitesimal standard deviation per unit time σ. This method is based on the experimentally observed first- and second-order moments of(More)
 The Hodgkin-Huxley equations (HH) are parameterized by a number of parameters and shows a variety of qualitatively different behaviors depending on the parameter values. We explored the dynamics of the HH for a wide range of parameter values in the multiple-parameter space, that is, we examined the global structure of bifurcations of the HH. Results are(More)
BACKGROUND CONTEXT The favorable outcome of surgical treatment for degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis (DS) is widely recognized, but some patients require reoperation because of complications, such as pseudoarthrosis, persistent pain, infection, and progressive degenerative changes. Among these changes, adjacent segmental disease (ASD) and same segmental(More)
AIM OF THE STUDY The helicopter emergency medical service (HEMS) was introduced in Japan in 2001, and some cardiopulmonary arrest (CPA) patients are transported using this service. However, it is difficult to maintain continuous and effective manual cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) in flying helicopters. To overcome this problem, the AutoPulse™ system,(More)
The dependency of Na efflux on intracellular Na concentration was examined on sartorius muscles of Rana catesbeiana. In normal Ringer, the rate coefficient of 22Na efflux is nearly proportional to the internal Na concentration, i.e., Hill's coefficient in the dependency of Na efflux on internal Na concentration was around two. As long as insulin is present(More)
A new stable plasmid vector (pCUP3) was developed for high and stable production of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate-co-3-hydroxyhexanoate) (PHBH) using Cupriavidus necator H16 as the host strain. In pCUP3, it was found that the plasmid partition and replication region of the megaplasmid pMOL28 in the Cupriavidus metallidurans CH34 strain plays an important role in(More)
The Bonhoeffer-van der Pol (BVP) oscillator is a valuable dynamical system model of pacemaker neurons. Isochrons, phase transition curves (PTC), and two dimensional bifurcation diagrams served to analyze the neuron's response to periodic pulse stimuli. Responses are described and explained in terms of the nonlinear dynamical system theory. An important(More)
In our recent reports motor coordination of human lower limbs has been investigated during pedaling a special kind of ergometer which allows its left and right pedals to rotate independently. In particular, relative phase between left and right rotational-velocity waveforms of the pedals and their amplitude modulation have been analyzed for patients with(More)
The role of the supplementary motor area (SMA) in reactive motor operation was investigated with functional magnetic resonance imaging in 13 normal subjects. A visual cue was presented at a regular (1 Hz) or irregular (mean, 1 Hz) rate, and the subject pressed a button with the right index finger in a predictive or reactive manner. Brain regions associated(More)