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Rapid modulation of hippocampal synaptic plasticity by estrogen has long been a hot topic, but analysis of molecular mechanisms via synaptic estrogen receptors has been seriously difficult. Here, two types of independent synaptic plasticity, long-term depression (LTD) and spinogenesis, were investigated, in response to 17beta-estradiol and agonists of(More)
Wnt-5a is a representative ligand that activates a beta-catenin-independent pathway in Wnt signalling. In the present paper, the roles of the post-translational modifications in the actions of Wnt-5a were investigated. We found that Wnt-5a is modified with palmitate at Cys104 and glycans at Asn114, Asn120, Asn311 and Asn325. The palmitoylation was not(More)
Chromatin reorganization plays an important role in DNA repair, apoptosis, and cell cycle checkpoints. Among proteins involved in chromatin reorganization, TIP60 histone acetyltransferase has been shown to play a role in DNA repair and apoptosis. However, how TIP60 regulates chromatin reorganization in the response of human cells to DNA damage is largely(More)
The lysine residues of guinea pig P450 17alpha were acetylated by acetic anhydride in the absence and presence of NADPH cytochrome P450 reductase (CPR). Eight acetylated peptides were identified in the MALDI-TOF mass spectra of the tryptic fragments from the P450 acetylated without CPR in the limited reaction time of 15 min at ice temperature. The presence(More)
We investigated the differential protein expression patterns of retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells exposed to increased glucose concentrations. Cultured human RPE cells (ARPE-19) were exposed for 4 days with normal blood glucose concentration (5.5 mM D-glucose), followed by exposure to either normal (5.5 mM) or high (33 mM) concentrations of D-glucose(More)
The biotransformation of the monoterpene hydrocarbons 3-carene and 2-pinene by cell suspension cultures of Nicotiana tabacum and Catharanthus roseus was investigated. The cultures have the ability to regio- and enantioselectively introduce the oxygenated functional groups into the C = C double bond and the allylic positions of the substrates.
BACKGROUND The objective of this study was to identify substantially increased proteins in bovine cystic follicular fluid (FF) in order to clarify the pathology and etiology of bovine ovarian follicular cysts (BOFC). METHODS Proteins in normal and cystic FF samples were subjected to two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2-D PAGE) and were(More)
DNA-protein crosslinks (DPCs)-where proteins are covalently trapped on the DNA strand-block the progression of replication and transcription machineries and hence hamper the faithful transfer of genetic information. However, the repair mechanism of DPCs remains largely elusive. Here we have analyzed the roles of nucleotide excision repair (NER) and(More)
Glycogen synthase kinase-3beta (GSK-3beta) is known to play a role in the regulation of the dynamics of microtubule networks in cells. Here we show the role of GSK-3beta in the proper formation of the mitotic spindles through an interaction with GCP5, a component of the gamma-tubulin ring complex (gammaTuRC). GCP5 bound directly to GSK-3beta in vitro, and(More)
Protein tyrosine nitration is a selective process, as revealed in studies of animals. However, evidence for selective protein nitration in plants is scarce. In this study, Arabidopsis plants were exposed to air with or without nitrogen dioxide at 40 ppm for 8 h in light. Proteins extracted from whole leaves or isolated chloroplasts were subjected to 2D PAGE(More)