Shunsuke Ishizaka

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Intra-arterial cell transplantation offers a novel therapeutic strategy for stroke; however, it remains unclear how the timing of cell administration affects cell distribution, brain repair processes, and functional recovery. Here, we investigate the hypothesis that the timing of cell transplantation changes the behavior of the cell(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Recent studies have investigated plaque morphology to determine patients who are at high risk of carotid atherosclerosis. In this study, we investigated whether a difference in dynamic enhancement pattern in plaque components could be useful to assess plaque stability with multidetector CT angiography. METHODS Fifty-nine lesions(More)
BACKGROUND Although Duret haemorrhage of the brainstem caused by descending transtentorial herniation is considered fatal, a few cases have been reported to have good outcome. Moreover, most patients with Duret haemorrhage have severe primary brain injury and the potential outcome of those with mild primary brain injury remains unknown. CASE REPORT This(More)
Sequential in vitro lymphocyte function tests in 13 patients undergoing cardiac operation were performed to study B lymphocyte function following operation. Lymphocytes were stimulated with phytohemagglutinin (PHA), pokeweed mitogen (PWM) and Staphylococcus aureus Cowan 1 (SAC). Mitogen responses were measured by 3H-labeled thymidine incorporation. The SAC(More)
A 66-year-old woman with primary Sjogren syndrome developed syringomyelia following two episodes of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) due to the rupture of basilar artery aneurysms. Gait disturbance and abnormal sensation with pain over the foot and abdomen appeared 3 years after the last SAH. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging revealed a syringomyelia throughout(More)
An 18-year-old girl presented with central pontine myelinolysis (CPM) following surgery for craniopharyngioma. Postoperatively, the patient developed diabetes insipidus with remarkable fluctuation of serum sodium level, suffered a seizure, and developed mental state changes and quadriparesis. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging obtained soon after the(More)
UNLABELLED The Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome (RTS) is defined congenital anomalies and is characterized by postnatal growth deficiency, microcephaly, specific facial characteristics, broad thumbs and big toes, and mental retardation. RTS displays an autosomal dominant inheritance pattern and is typically caused by cAMP response element-binding (CREB)-binding(More)
Stroke induces network-wide changes in the brain, affecting the excitability in both nearby and remotely connected regions. Brain stimulation is a promising neurorestorative technique that has been shown to improve stroke recovery by altering neuronal activity of the target area. However, it is unclear whether the beneficial effect of stimulation is a(More)
Granulocytic sarcoma consists of neoplastic granulocytic precursors and myeloblasts. It is a focal lesion seen in 2-10.9% of acute myelogenous leukaemia (AML) patients. It usually develops either concurrently with the AML or after a remission. On rare occasions, it may be an initial manifestation of AML. Most common involvement sites are bone, periostium,(More)
OBJECT It is reported that antimicrobial prophylaxis (AMP) reduces the incidence of surgical site infection (SSI) in neurological surgery. However, a great deal of variation exists regarding the type of antibiotics, dose, timing and duration. In this study, the authors analyzed the incidence of SSI comparing two different AMP protocols. CLINICAL MATERIALS(More)