Shunqian Jin

Learn More
Integrin cell surface receptors play an important role for cell adhesion, migration, and differentiation during embryonic development by mediating cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions. Less is known about the function of integrins during commitment and lineage determination of early embryogenesis. Homozygous inactivation of the beta1 integrin gene results(More)
Gadd45a, a p53- and BRCA1-regulated stress protein, has been implicated in the maintenance of genomic fidelity, probably through its roles in the control of cell cycle checkpoint and apoptosis. However, the mechanism(s) by which Gadd45a is involved in the induction of apoptosis remains unclear. We show here that inducible expression of Gadd45a protein(More)
To analyze the formation of neuromuscular junctions, mouse pluripotent embryonic stem (ES) cells were differentiated via embryoid bodies into skeletal muscle and neuronal cells. The developmentally controlled expression of skeletal muscle-specific genes coding for myf5, myogenin, myoD and myf6, alpha 1 subunit of the L-type calcium channel, cell adhesion(More)
The highly conserved mismatch (MMR) repair system corrects postreplicative errors and modulates cellular responses to genotoxic agents. Here, we show that the MMR system strongly influences cellular sensitivity to curcumin. Compared with MMR-proficient cells, isogenically matched MMR-deficient cells displayed enhanced sensitivity to curcumin. Similarly,(More)
Mammalian cells have a remarkable diverse repertoire of response to genotoxic stress that damage DNA. Cellular responses to DNA damaging agents will initially exhibit gene induction, which is regulated by complex mechanism(s) and probably involves multiple signaling pathways. In this paper, we demonstrate that induction of ATF3 protein, a member of the(More)
p53 is an important molecule in cellular response to DNA damage. After genotoxic stress, p53 protein stabilizes transiently and accumulates in the nucleus, where it functions as a transcription factor and upregulates multiple downstream-targeted genes, including p21(Waf1/Cip1), Gadd45a and Bax. However, regulation of p53 stabilization is complex and may(More)
BRCA1, a breast and ovarian cancer susceptibility gene, has been implicated in gene regulation. Previous studies demonstrate that BRCA1 induces GADD45, a p53-regulated and stress-inducible gene that plays an important role in cellular response to DNA damage. However, the mechanism(s) by which BRCA1 regulates GADD45 remains unclear. In this report, we have(More)
The breast cancer suppressor protein, BRCA1 plays an important role in mediating cell cycle arrest, apoptosis and DNA responses to DNA damage signals. In this study, we show that BRCA1 level is downregulated during UV-induced apoptosis by caspase-3 mediated cleavage. Cleavage of BRCA1 by caspase-3 produced a fragment that contained the C-terminal of the(More)
In response to DNA damage, the cell cycle checkpoint is an important biological event in maintaining genomic fidelity. Gadd45, a p53-regulated and DNA damage inducible protein, has recently been demonstrated to play a role in the G2-M checkpoint in response to DNA damage. In the current study, we further investigated the biochemical mechanism(s) involved in(More)
Cytokinesis is a fundamental cellular process, which ensures equal abscission and fosters diploid progenies. Aberrant cytokinesis may result in genomic instability and cell transformation. However, the underlying regulatory machinery of cytokinesis is largely undefined. Here, we demonstrate that Nlp (Ninein-like protein), a recently identified(More)