Shunmugiah Karutha Pandian

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Corals, considered the rainforests of the oceans, harbour an abundance of different bacterial populations throughout the coral structure. In the present study we attempted to characterize the cultivable bacterial population associated within the mucus and tissue of the coral Acropora digitifera from the Gulf of Mannar. 16S rRNA gene was amplified from the(More)
BACKGROUND To find out an alternative strategy to antibiotic usage against bacterial infection. MATERIALS AND METHODS The purpose of this study is to describe the quorum-sensing (QS) inhibitory activity of edible plants and fruits against N-acyl-homoserine lactone (AHL)-mediated violacein production in Chromobacterium violaceum and virulence factor(More)
Analysis of culturable and unculturable bacteria and their potential bioactive compounds from Palk Bay is yet to be explored. The present study for the first time characterizes the culturable bacteria from Palk Bay sediment using 16S rRNA gene sequencing. The characterized bacteria were also screened for antibacterial activity against human and aquaculture(More)
AIM OF THE STUDY To evaluate the antibacterial activity of eugenol and its mechanism of bactericidal action against Salmonella typhi. MATERIALS AND METHODS The antibacterial activity was checked by disc-diffusion method, MIC, MBC, time course assay and pH sensitivity assay. The chemo-attractant property of eugenol was verified by chemotaxis assay. The(More)
The aim of the current study was to inhibit quoring-sensing(QS)-mediated virulence factors of representative Gram-negative bacteria by marine bacterial isolates. Bacteria isolated from Palk Bay sediments were screened for anti-QS activity. Eleven strains inhibited QS signals in Chromobacterium violaceum (ATCC 12472) and C. violaceum CV026. The marine(More)
AIMS The present work aims at finding potential probionts from marine sources as a biocontrol agent against pathogenic Vibrio species in shrimp larval culture. METHODS AND RESULTS A total of 109 bacterial strains were isolated from seawater, sediment and marine fish-gut samples, and were screened for their antagonistic activity against Vibrio species.(More)
Solanum trilobatum L. is an Indian medicinal plant containing rich amount of steroidal glyco-alkoloids that can be used as precursor for commercial steroid production. Two efficient marker systems such as Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and Inter Simple Sequence Repeats (ISSR) were used for the first time to assess the genetic diversity across 14 S.(More)
Corals are sessile eukaryotic hosts which provide a unique surface for microbial colonization. Culture independent studies show that the coral mucus and tissue harbour diverse and abundant prokaryotic communities. However, little is known about the diversity of bacteria associated with the corals of Gulf of Mannar. The present study characterised the(More)
In Pseudomonas aeruginosa, quorum sensing (QS) autoinducer known as acyl homoserine lactone (AHL) acts as a key regulator in the expression of pathogenic characters. In this work, the efficiency of phenylacetic acid (PAA) in reducing the production of AHL-dependent factors in P. aeruginosa PAO1 was studied. PAA at a concentration of 200 μg ml−1 displayed(More)
The increasing occurrence of disease outbreaks caused by Vibrio spp. and the emergence of antibiotic resistance has led to a growing interest in finding alternative strategies to prevent vibriosis. Since the pathogenicity of vibrios is controlled in part by quorum-sensing (QS) system, interfering with this mechanism would prevent the pathogenicity of(More)