Learn More
  • Y Shiga, K Miyazawa, S Sato, R Fukushima, S Shibuya, Y Sato +7 others
  • 2004
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the usefulness of diffusion-weighted MRI (DWI) for the early diagnosis of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD). METHODS Thirty-six consecutive patients (age 56 to 82 years) were enrolled, and 26 were examined by DWI. Nine were definite based on the World Health Organization criteria, and 27 were probable. The percentages of DWI(More)
Temporal context information is crucial to understanding human episodic memory. Human lesion and neuroimaging data indicate that prefrontal regions are important for retrieving temporal context memory, although the exact nature of their involvement is still unclear. We employed functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to elucidate the neural basis of(More)
We used fMRI to compare the ipsilateral activation in the sensorimotor region (SMR) during dominant and non-dominant hand motor tasks between right and left handers. In right handers, the ipsilateral activation was significantly greater during non-dominant (left) hand task than dominant (right) hand task, while in left handers, it showed no significant(More)
It has been confirmed that some kinds of what are called memory strategies dramatically improve the performance of memory recall. However, there has been no direct research to examine changes in brain activity associated with the use of the method of loci within individuals. In the present study, using fMRI, we compared brain activations before and after(More)
The 22q11.2 microdeletion is one of the highest genetic risk factors for schizophrenia. It is not well understood which interactions of deleted genes in 22q11.2 regions are responsible for the pathogenesis of schizophrenia, but catechol-O-methytransferase (COMT) is among the candidates. Df1/+ mice are 22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11DS) model mice with a(More)
We used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to investigate the neural correlates of deception while remembering neutral events and emotional events. Before fMRI, subjects were presented with a series of neutral and emotional pictures and were asked to rate each picture for arousal. During fMRI, subjects were presented with the studied and(More)
BACKGROUND Superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery anastomosis for moyamoya disease prevents cerebral ischemic attack by improving CBF, whereas recent evidence suggests that the temporary neurologic deterioration because of postoperative cerebral hyperperfusion could occur despite its low-flow revascularization. The present study investigates the(More)
BACKGROUND Surgical revascularization for moyamoya disease prevents cerebral ischemic attacks by improving CBF, but little is known about the change in CBF and its effect on neurologic status during the acute stage after revascularization. METHODS 123I-IMP-SPECT was performed 1 and 7 days after STA-MCA anastomosis on 34 sides of 27 consecutive patients(More)
Superficial temporal artery-middle cerebral artery (STA-MCA) anastomosis is a safe and effective treatment for moyamoya disease, although recent evidence suggests its substantial risk for symptomatic cerebral hyperperfusion. The diagnostic value of single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) for postoperative hyperperfusion in moyamoya patients is(More)
Dissociative amnesia usually follows a stressful event and cannot be attributable to explicit brain damage. It is thought to reflect a reversible deficit in memory retrieval probably due to memory repression. However, the neural mechanisms underlying this condition are not clear. We used fMRI to investigate neural activity associated with memory retrieval(More)