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Mutation of the human TRPS1 gene leads to trichorhinophalangeal syndrome (TRPS), which is characterized by an abnormal development of various organs including the craniofacial skeleton. Trps1 has recently been shown to be expressed in the jaw joints of zebrafish; however, whether Trps1 is expressed in the mammalian temporomandibular joint (TMJ), or whether(More)
Smad3 is an intracellular signaling molecule in the transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) pathway that serves as a regulator of chondrogenesis and osteogenesis. To investigate the role of the TGF-β/Smad3 signaling in the process of fracture healing, an open fracture was introduced in mouse tibiae, and the histology of the healing process was compared between(More)
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