Shunichi Takeda

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Chromatin reorganization plays an important role in DNA repair, apoptosis, and cell cycle checkpoints. Among proteins involved in chromatin reorganization, TIP60 histone acetyltransferase has been shown to play a role in DNA repair and apoptosis. However, how TIP60 regulates chromatin reorganization in the response of human cells to DNA damage is largely(More)
Small-molecule inhibitors of PARP are thought to mediate their antitumor effects as catalytic inhibitors that block repair of DNA single-strand breaks (SSB). However, the mechanism of action of PARP inhibitors with regard to their effects in cancer cells is not fully understood. In this study, we show that PARP inhibitors trap the PARP1 and PARP2 enzymes at(More)
Interstrand cross-links (ICLs) block replication and transcription and thus are highly cytotoxic. In higher eukaryotes, ICLs processing involves the Fanconi anemia (FA) pathway and homologous recombination. Stalled replication forks activate the eight-subunit FA core complex, which ubiquitylates FANCD2-FANCI. Once it is posttranslationally modified, this(More)
The ubiquitin (Ub)-conjugating enzyme Ubc13 is implicated in Rad6/Rad18-dependent postreplication repair (PRR) in budding yeast, but its function in vertebrates is not known. We show here that disruption or siRNA depletion of UBC13 in chicken DT40 or human cells confers severe growth defects due to chromosome instability, and hypersensitivity to both UV and(More)
REV1 protein, a eukaryotic member of the Y family of DNA polymerases, is involved in the tolerance of DNA damage by translesion DNA synthesis. It is unclear how REV1 is recruited to replication foci in cells. Here, we report that mouse REV1 can bind directly to PCNA and that monoubiquitylation of PCNA enhances this interaction. The interaction between REV1(More)
Formaldehyde is an aliphatic monoaldehyde and is a highly reactive environmental human carcinogen. Whereas humans are continuously exposed to exogenous formaldehyde, this reactive aldehyde is a naturally occurring biological compound that is present in human plasma at concentrations ranging from 13 to 97 micromol/L. It has been well documented that(More)
Topoisomerase inhibitors such as camptothecin and etoposide are used as anti-cancer drugs and induce double-strand breaks (DSBs) in genomic DNA in cycling cells. These DSBs are often covalently bound with polypeptides at the 3' and 5' ends. Such modifications must be eliminated before DSB repair can take place, but it remains elusive which nucleases are(More)
Cross-linking agents that induce DNA interstrand cross-links (ICL) are widely used in anticancer chemotherapy. Yeast genetic studies show that nucleotide excision repair (NER), Rad6/Rad18-dependent postreplication repair, homologous recombination, and cell cycle checkpoint pathway are involved in ICL repair. To study the contribution of DNA damage response(More)
Repair of DNA double strand breaks (DSBs) plays a critical role in the maintenance of the genome. DSB arise frequently as a consequence of replication fork stalling and also due to the attack of exogenous agents. Repair of broken DNA is essential for survival. Two major pathways, homologous recombination (HR) and non-homologous end-joining (NHEJ) have(More)
Single-strand breaks are the commonest lesions arising in cells, and defects in their repair are implicated in neurodegenerative disease. One of the earliest events during single-strand break repair (SSBR) is the rapid synthesis of poly(ADP-ribose) (PAR) by poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP), followed by its rapid degradation by poly(ADP-ribose)(More)