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Hemophagocytic syndrome (HPS) is a clinicopathological condition characterized by the activation of histiocytes with prominent hemophagocytosis in bone marrow and other reticuloendothelial systems. The occurrence of HPS is usually associated with underlying disorders such as infection and lymphoma. Recently, we described patients with autoimmune disease who(More)
OBJECTIVE To better define the clinical characteristics and treatment outcomes of autoimmune-associated hemophagocytic syndrome (AAHS) in adults. METHODS Adults with AAHS (defined as pathologic evidence of hemophagocytosis without any obvious cause other than an autoimmune disease) were identified through a review of the literature. RESULTS Among 116(More)
A patient with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) developed reactive hemophagocytosis. This case did not show any underlying diseases such as infection or malignancy other than SLE itself. The mechanisms inducing hemophagocytosis in SLE seem to be heterogeneous and remain to be elucidated. Although an immune complex-mediated mechanism in cases with acute(More)
We examined the effect of interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha) in combination with tumor necrosis factor-a (TNF-alpha) on growth, differentiation and apoptosis in HL-60 human myeloid leukemia cells. IFN-alpha inhibited cell growth and induced apoptosis, but not differentiation, in HL-60 cells. IFN-alpha enhanced TNF-alpha-induced apoptosis. We also investigated the(More)
Reactive hemophagocytosis is characterized by the activation of histiocytes with prominent hemophagocytosis in the reticuloendothelial system, and usually occurs in association with underlying disorders such as viral or bacterial infection and malignancy. We describe 3 cases of adult onset Still's disease (AOSD) who developed hemophagocytosis in bone(More)
We examined c-Myc and Bcl-2 protein expressions during the induction of apoptosis and differentiation in TNF alpha-treated HL-60 cells using a two-color flow cytometric method. We found that c-Myc protein was rapidly down-regulated in the apoptotic cells while Bcl-2 protein was expressed at relatively high levels. Concomitantly with terminal differentiation(More)
Effective ex vivo expansion of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) is a prerequisite for HSC transplantation. Growth and maintenance of HSC is dependent on cytokine and niche factors. We investigated whether mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) or osteogenic cytokine-differentiated MSCs play a role in HSC expansion. We used the human HM3.B10 (B10) MSC cell line and(More)