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We introduced a positive feedback loop into a LacI-dependent gene expression system in lipid vesicles, producing a cell-like system that senses and responds to an external signal with a high signal-to-noise ratio. This fully reconstituted system will be a useful tool in future applications in in vitro synthetic biology.
Residual insertion sequence elements (IS elements) in Escherichia coli strains that are commonly used for DNA cloning are known to cause cloning artifacts by transposing themselves into the recombinant DNA fragments. In such cases, chance insertion of IS elements may occur at integration sites in the cloning targets, which in the case of the IS10 element is… (More)
Self-cleaving ribozymes are found in all domains of life and are believed to play important roles in biology. Additionally, self-cleaving ribozymes have been the subject of extensive engineering efforts for applications in synthetic biology. These studies often involve laborious assays of multiple individual variants that are either designed rationally or… (More)
Aptazymes are useful as RNA-based switches of gene expression responsive to several types of compounds. One of the most important properties of the switching ability is the signal/noise (S/N) ratio, i.e., the ratio of gene expression in the presence of ligand to that in the absence of ligand. The present study was performed to gain a quantitative… (More)
Chemically regulated self-cleaving ribozymes, or aptazymes, are emerging as a promising class of genetic devices that allow dynamic control of gene expression in synthetic biology. However, further expansion of the limited repertoire of ribozymes and aptamers, and development of new strategies to couple the RNA elements to engineer functional aptazymes are… (More)
Recent discoveries of new classes of self-cleaving ribozymes in diverse organisms have triggered renewed interest in the chemistry and biology of ribozymes. Functional analysis and engineering of ribozymes often involve performing biochemical assays on multiple ribozyme mutants. However, because each ribozyme mutant must be individually prepared and… (More)
Aptazymes are artificially synthesized ribozymes that catalyze reactions in response to ligand binding. Certain types of aptazymes can be utilized as RNA-based regulators of gene expression. These aptazymes contain a sequestered ribosome-binding site (rbs) and release the rbs through self-cleavage in response to ligand binding, inducing the expression of… (More)