Shungo Hikoso

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Autophagy, an evolutionarily conserved process for the bulk degradation of cytoplasmic components, serves as a cell survival mechanism in starving cells. Although altered autophagy has been observed in various heart diseases, including cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure, it remains unclear whether autophagy plays a beneficial or detrimental role in the(More)
Heart failure is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in industrialized countries. Although infection with microorganisms is not involved in the development of heart failure in most cases, inflammation has been implicated in the pathogenesis of heart failure. However, the mechanisms responsible for initiating and integrating inflammatory responses(More)
Damaged mitochondria are removed by mitophagy. Although Atg32 is essential for mitophagy in yeast, no Atg32 homologue has been identified in mammalian cells. Here, we show that Bcl-2-like protein 13 (Bcl2-L-13) induces mitochondrial fragmentation and mitophagy in mammalian cells. First, we hypothesized that unidentified mammalian mitophagy receptors would(More)
Cardiomyocyte death plays an important role in the pathogenesis of heart failure. The nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB signaling pathway regulates cell death, however, the effect of NF-kappaB pathway on cell death can vary in different cells or stimuli. The purpose of the present study was to clarify the in vivo role of the NF-kappaB pathway in response to(More)
Constitutive autophagy is important for control of the quality of proteins and organelles to maintain cell function. Damaged proteins and organelles accumulate in aged organs. We have previously reported that cardiac-specific Atg5 (autophagy-related gene 5)-deficient mice, in which the gene was floxed out early in embryogenesis, were born normally, and(More)
Genetic studies of families with familial Alzheimer's disease have implicated presenilin 2 (PS2) in the pathogenesis of this disease. PS2 is ubiquitously expressed in various tissues including hearts. In this study, we examined cardiac phenotypes of PS2 knockout (PS2KO) mice to elucidate a role of PS2 in hearts. PS2KO mice developed normally with no(More)
Sarcolipin (SLN) inhibits the cardiac sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum Ca(2+) ATPase (SERCA2a) by direct binding and is superinhibitory if it binds through phospholamban (PLN). To determine whether overexpression of SLN in the heart might impair cardiac function, transgenic (TG) mice were generated with cardiac-specific overexpression of NF-SLN (SLN tagged at(More)
BACKGROUND Mechanical stress on the heart can lead to crucially different outcomes. Physiological stimuli such as exercise cause adaptive cardiac hypertrophy, characterized by a normal cardiac structure and normal or enhanced cardiac function. Pathological stimuli such as hypertension and aortic valvular stenosis cause maladaptive cardiac remodeling and(More)
The Raf/MEK/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) signaling pathway regulates diverse cellular processes such as proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis and is implicated as an important contributor to the pathogenesis of cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure. To examine the in vivo role of Raf-1 in the heart, we generated cardiac(More)
G-protein-coupled receptor agonists including endothelin-1 (ET-1) and phenylephrine (PE) induce hypertrophy in neonatal ventricular cardiomyocytes. Others and we previously reported that Rac1 signaling pathway plays an important role in this agonist-induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. In this study reported here, we found that a Ca(2+)-sensitive non-receptor(More)