Shun-ichi Udagawa

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Aflatoxins, the most powerful mycotoxins, were brought to the attention fo the people in the early 1960s with the outbreak of the turkey "X" disease in England. However, the history of mycotoxin research in Japan began 100 years ago. In 1891, Sakaki demonstrated that moldy, unpolished rice was fatal to experimental animals, with symptoms indicating(More)
The production of paecilotoxin from various isolates of Paecilomyces lilacinus was studied using three different media and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Alkaline medium was found to be suitable for the production of the toxins. Among 20 strains tested, 19 including four clinical isolates were found to produce the toxins. Production patterns(More)
Two fungal pathogens of the mantis shrimp (Oratosquilla oratoria) in Yamaguchi and Aichi Prefectures, Japan are described as the new species Plectosporium oratosquillae and Acremonium sp. (a member of the Emericellopsis marine clade). Both fungi infect the gills of the mantis shrimp, which become brown or black due to melanization. The former species is(More)
From the second half of the 1990s, an increased regard has been given to the fungal spoilage of foods as follows: 1) post-harvest diseases and losses of fruits and vegetables, 2) deterioration of low water activity foods by xerophilic fungi, 3) contamination of psychrotolerant or psychrophilic fungi on foodstuffs and processed foods during storage and(More)
The dichloromethane extract of Talaromyces convolutus cultivated on barley exhibited antifungal activity against Candida albicans. In the course of a search for the active compounds, four new tetramic acid derivatives, talaroconvolutins A (1), B (2), C (3), and D (4), were isolated along with ZG-1494alpha (5), and mitorubrin derivatives. The structures of(More)
BACKGROUND Mucormycosis is an invasive opportunistic infection caused by fungi belonging to the order Mucorales. Due to the lack of laboratory tests, the diagnosis of mucormycosis is notoriously difficult. Added with its rapid progression as well as the debilitated state of the patients who contract the disease, mortality is extremely high. OBJECTIVE The(More)
Zygomycosis is usually an invasive mycotic disease caused by fungi in the class Zygomycetes. It often occurs in immunocompromised patients, but sporadic cases without apparent immune impairment have been described. This report presents the first case of pleural zygomycosis caused by Rhizomucor pusillus, an uncommon pathogen of human infection. A 19-year-old(More)
In the course of searching for bioactive substances, two new dioxopiperazine derivatives, arestrictins A (1) and B (2), were isolated along with the known dioxopiperazine, cristatin A (3), and the known peptide, asperglucide (4), from the organic extract of the xerophilic fungi, Aspergillus restrictus and Aspergillus penicilloides. The absolute structures(More)