Shun-ichi Morikawa

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BACKGROUND Neuroinflammation has been implicated in the pathomechanism of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). It is known that signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 (STAT3) is a proinflammatory transcription factor. However, it remains to be determined whether STAT3 is involved in ALS. OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that STAT3 may be(More)
The aim of the present study was to determine the longitudinal course of behavioral disturbances and to examine whether these disturbances are stage dependent during the course of Alzheimer disease (AD). One hundred seven community-dwelling patients with probable AD were assessed up to six times annually by using a validated and reliable rating scale, the(More)
Several studies have documented the involvement of oxidative stress represented by lipid peroxidation in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). To test whether the highly reactive carbonyl crotonaldehyde (CRA), generated during lipid peroxidation, is involved in AD, we performed an immunohistochemical analysis in AD and age-matched control hippocampi(More)
Several studies have suggested the involvement of neuroinflammation in the pathomechanism of neurodegenerative diseases, including amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). We recently demonstrated increased levels of protein-bound 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE) as a highly reactive lipid peroxidation product and cytosolic phospholipase A(2) (cPLA(2)) as a(More)
Serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) concentration is the most commonly used marker for hepatocellular injury. We investigated the suitable cutoff value of serum ALT for the diagnosis or prediction of fatty liver. In 1578 Japanese adults (1208 men, 370 women; 35-69 years of age) who visited our center both in 2000 and between April 2007 and March 2008(More)
Fatty liver is commonly associated with alcohol or metabolic syndrome. We aimed to examine the longitudinal aspects of fatty liver, and clarify the independent predictors for the development or regression of fatty liver. In the present study, the clinical features of 1578 Japanese adults (1208 men and 370 women; 35 to 69 years of age) who visited our center(More)
The functions of fukutin, a gene product responsible for Fukuyama type congenital muscular dystrophy, still remain unclear, although a relation to the glycosylation of alpha-dystroglycan is presumed. To investigate the functions of fukutin, immunohistochemistry, examination using cultured astrocytes, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)-based binding(More)
Vasohibin-2 (VASH2) has been identified as an endogenous and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-independent angiogenic factor that is highly expressed in tumor cells. In the present study, we aimed to determine whether pre-existing vascular changes can be used to predict tumor transformation as benign or malignant. We sought to characterize(More)
We performed electroencephalograms in 32 neonates of intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) within seven days of birth. EEG findings were compared with those observed in neonatal brain damage. Seven EEGs had a dysmature pattern which is seen in the subacute and chronic stages of prolonged and mild neonatal brain depression, and five had a disorganized(More)
A rating scale measuring care status related to assistance with basic ADL for demented patients was developed. This instrument, named the ABCD, is designed to be completed by family and professional caregivers, and consists of two subscales assessing the level of difficulty of help with the ADL (difficulty scale) and the reasons why assistance is needed(More)
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