Learn More
The glomerular filtration barrier in the kidney is formed in part by a specialized intercellular junction known as the slit diaphragm, which connects adjacent actin-based foot processes of kidney epithelial cells (podocytes). Mutations affecting a number of slit diaphragm proteins, including nephrin (encoded by NPHS1), lead to renal disease owing to(More)
Systematic and quantitative analysis of protein phosphorylation is revealing dynamic regulatory networks underlying cellular responses to environmental cues. However, matching these sites to the kinases that phosphorylate them and the phosphorylation-dependent binding domains that may subsequently bind to them remains a challenge. NetPhorest is an atlas of(More)
Protein-protein interactions occurring via the recognition of short peptide sequences by modular interaction domains play a central role in the assembly of signalling protein complexes and larger protein networks that regulate cellular behaviour. In addition to spatial and temporal factors, the specificity of signal transduction is intimately associated(More)
IGF binding protein (IGFBP)-6 is a member of the IGFBP family that regulates the actions of IGFs. Although IGFBPs exert their functions extracellularly in an autocrine/paracrine manner, several members of the family, such as IGFBP-3 and -5, possess nuclear localization signals (NLS). To date, no NLS has been described for IGFBP-6, an IGFBP that binds(More)
Cytoplasmic tyrosine kinases (CTK) generally contain a Src-homology 2 (SH2) domain, whose role in the CTK family is not fully understood. Here we report the determination of the specificity of 25 CTK SH2 domains by screening one-bead-one-compound (OBOC) peptide libraries. Based on the peptide sequences selected by the SH2 domains, we built Support Vector(More)
BACKGROUND Understanding stem cell differentiation is essential for the future design of cell therapies. While retinoic acid (RA) is the most potent small molecule enhancer of skeletal myogenesis in stem cells, the stage and mechanism of its function has not yet been elucidated. Further, the intersection of RA with other signalling pathways that stimulate(More)
Src homology 2 (SH2) domains are the largest family of interaction modules encoded by the human genome to recognize tyrosine-phosphorylated sequences and thereby play pivotal roles in transducing and controlling cellular signals emanating from protein-tyrosine kinases. Different SH2 domains select for distinct phosphopeptides, and the function of a given(More)
The SH2 domain protein SAP/SH2D1A, encoded by the X-linked lymphoproliferative (XLP) syndrome gene, associates with the hematopoietic cell surface receptor SLAM in a phosphorylation-independent manner. By screening a repertoire of synthetic peptides, the specificity of SAP/SH2D1A has been mapped and a consensus sequence motif for binding identified,(More)
Src homology 3 (SH3) domains were initially characterized as a prevalent protein module that recognizes proline-rich sequences, in particular those containing a PxxP motif. Recent studies have shown that the specificity and cellular function of SH3 domains are far more diverse than previously appreciated. Despite lacking distinguishing features, the(More)
Methylation of Lys and Arg residues on non-histone proteins has emerged as a prevalent post-translational modification and as an important regulator of cellular signal transduction mediated by the MAPK, WNT, BMP, Hippo and JAK-STAT signalling pathways. Crosstalk between methylation and other types of post-translational modifications, and between histone and(More)