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The retinoid-inducible gene 1 (RIG1) protein is a retinoid-inducible growth regulator. Previous studies have shown that the RIG1 protein inhibits the signaling pathways of Ras/mitogen-activated protein kinases. However, neither the mode of action nor the site of inhibition of RIG1 is known. This study investigated the effects of RIG1, and the mechanisms(More)
Retinoid-inducible gene 1 encodes RIG1 is a growth regulator, which inhibits the pathways of the RAS/mitogen-activated protein kinases by suppressing the activation of RAS. Confocal microscopic analysis demonstrated that RIG1 is localized in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and Golgi apparatus in HtTA cervical cancer cells. Carboxyterminal-deleted RIG1(More)
BACKGROUND Retinoid-inducible gene I (RIG1) is a growth regulator protein that exhibits activities to suppress cellular growth and induce cellular differentiation and apoptosis. This study analyzed the expression and regulation of RIG1 in breast cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. MATERIALS AND METHODS Expression of RIG1 RNA in breast cancer tissues was(More)
BACKGROUND The retinoid-inducible gene I (RIG1), belonging to the family of type II tumor suppressor genes, was isolated from human gastric cancer cells treated with all-trans retinoic acid. The activity of the RIG1 gene was investigated in this study. MATERIALS AND METHODS HtTA cervical and TSGH9201 gastric cancer cells were transiently transfected with(More)
The expression of retinoic acid-induced gene 1 (RIG1), a class II tumor suppressor gene, is induced in cells treated with retinoids. RIG1 has been shown to express ubiquitously and the increased expression of this gene appears to suppress cell proliferation. Recent studies also demonstrated that this gene may play an important role in cell differentiation(More)
Retinoids mediate a wide spectrum of antitumor activities through induction of growth arrest, differentiation or apoptosis. To determine whether the effects of retinoids are mediated by specific gene activation or repression, one-day treatments of SC-M1 CL23 gastric cancer cells with vehicle alone or all-TRANS retinoic acid (tRA) (10 microM) were compared(More)
Retinoic acid receptor responder 1 (RARRES1) is a retinoid regulated gene. Its expression is frequently down-regulated through DNA hypermethylation in several types of malignant tissues. This study investigated the clinical significance of RARRES1 protein and its association with RARRES3 protein expression in 161 (26 adenoma, 13 distal normal mucosa and 122(More)
Retinoid-inducible gene 1 (RIG1), also known as tazarotene-induced gene 3 or retinoic-acid receptor responder 3, is a growth regulator, which induces apoptosis and differentiation. RIG1 is classified into the NC protein family. This study investigated functional domains and critical amino acids associated with RIG1-mediated cell death and apoptosis. Using(More)
The antiestrogen tamoxifen [(Z)-1(p-β-dimethylamino-ethoxyphenyl)-1,2-diphenylbut-1-ene] is an effective anticancer agent for the treatment of hormone responsive breast cancer. Previous studies have demonstrated that a point mutation in the estrogen receptor (ER) resulted in an alteration of the pharmacology of 4-hydroxytamoxifen, the active metabolite of(More)
Retinoid-inducible gene 1 (RIG1), also called tazarotene-induced gene 3, belongs to the HREV107 gene family, which contains five members in humans. RIG1 is expressed in high levels in well-differentiated tissues, but its expression is decreased in cancer tissues and cancer cell lines. We found RIG1 to be highly expressed in testicular cells. When RIG1 was(More)