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OBJECTIVE To evaluate the development of optic radiations (ORs) in patients with anisometropia amblyopia using magnetic resonance diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and diffusion tensor tractography (DTT), and to explore possible mechanism of pathogenesis of amblyopia. METHODS Brain scan was performed with 3.0 Tesla scanner on 8 patients with anisometropia(More)
Previous studies have indicated regional abnormalities of both gray and white matter in amblyopia. However, alterations of cortical thickness associated with changes in white matter integrity have rarely been reported. In this study, structural magnetic resonance imaging and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) data were obtained from 15 children with(More)
OBJECTIVE Gray matter loss in the limbic structures was found in recent onset post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) patients. In the present study, we measured regional gray matter volume in trauma survivors to verify the hypothesis that stress may cause different regional gray matter loss in trauma survivors with and without recent onset PTSD. METHOD(More)
Evidence from behavioral, electrophysiological and diffusion-weighted imaging studies suggest that schizophrenia patients suffer from deficiencies in bilateral brain communication, and this disruption may be related to the occurrence of auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH). To increase our understanding of aberrant inter-hemispheric communication in(More)
The severity of atherosclerosis is primarily determined by overall lipid metabolism and the degree of inflammation present within the vessel wall. We evaluated the effects of T-0901317, a liver X receptor agonist, on the atherosclerosis process, and especially on the endothelial function in ApoE−/− mice. ApoE−/− mice were treated with LXR agonist T-0901317(More)
miRNA-16 (miR16) plays an important role in modulating the drug resistance of SGC7901 cell lines to adriamycin (ADR). A variety of viral carriers have been designed for miRNA delivery. However, the safety concerns are currently perceived as hampering the clinical application of viral vector-based therapy. Herein a type of magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) was(More)
Current state-of-the-art nuclear medicine imaging methods (such as PET/CT or bone scintigraphy) may have insufficient sensitivity for predicting bone tumor, and substantial exposure to ionizing radiation is associated with the risk of secondary cancer development. Diffusion-weighted MRI (DW-MRI) is radiation free and requires no intravenous contrast media,(More)
Heart disease is among the leading causes of death worldwide, and the limited proliferation of mammalian cardiomyocytes prevents heart regeneration in response to injury. Bone morphogenetic protein-10 (BMP10) exerts multiple roles in various developmental events; however, the effect of BMP10 and the underlying mechanism involved in cardiac repair remains(More)
INTRODUCTION Emerging evidence shows that diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW MRI) and fluorine 18 fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18 F-FDG PET/CT) might be useful in predicting histological type and malignancy of lung cancer, and even in specifically detecting the types of gene mutation. OBJECTIVE We(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the role of brain responses to thermal stimulation in outcome prediction of patients in either vegetative or minimally conscious states. METHODS We performed a prospective study with 22 patients and used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and EEG reactivity (EEG-R) tests in conjunction with thermal stimulation. We conducted(More)