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The mitochondrial ubiquitin ligase MITOL regulates mitochondrial dynamics. We report here that MITOL regulates mitochondria-associated endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane (MAM) domain formation through mitofusin2 (Mfn2). MITOL interacts with and ubiquitinates mitochondrial Mfn2, but not ER-associated Mfn2. Mutation analysis identified a specific interaction(More)
Expansion of a polyglutamine tract in ataxin-3 (polyQ) causes Machado-Joseph disease, a late-onset neurodegenerative disorder characterized by ubiquitin-positive aggregate formation. Several lines of evidence demonstrate that polyQ also accumulates in mitochondria and causes mitochondrial dysfunction. To uncover the mechanism of mitochondrial(More)
We previously demonstrated that CRAM (CRMP5)-associated GTPase (CRAG), a short splicing variant of centaurin-γ3/AGAP3, facilitated degradation of expanded polyglutamine protein (polyQ) via the nuclear ubiquitin-proteasome pathway. Taking advantage of this feature, we also showed that lentivirus-mediated CRAG expression in the Purkinje cells of mice(More)
Seven human Sir2 homologues (sirtuin) have been identified to date. In this study, we clarified the mechanism of subcellular localization of two SIRT5 isoforms (i.e., SIRT5(iso1) and SIRT5(iso2) ) encoded by the human SIRT5 gene and whose C-termini slightly differ from each other. Although both isoforms contain cleavable mitochondrial targeting signals at(More)
Accumulating evidence indicate physiological significance of mitochondrial dynamics such as mitochondrial fusion and division, the dynamic movement of mitochondria along microtubules and interaction of mitochondria with the endoplasmic reticulum. A disruption in mitochondrial dynamics leads to a functional deterioration of mitochondria, resulting in a(More)
Adequate regulation of synaptic transmission is critical for appropriate neural circuit functioning. Although a number of molecules involved in synaptic neurotransmission have been identified, the molecular mechanisms regulating neurotransmission are not fully understood. Here, we focused on Centaurin gamma1A (CenG1A) and examined its role in synaptic(More)
The rat R-Y121B cell line is a unique cell line which has ornithine carbamoyltransferase (OCT, EC 2.1.3.3) and can be continuously cultured in a serum-free medium which lacks arginine but is supplemented with ornithine. The OCT gene expression was examined in R-Y121B cells and their parental H4-II-E cells. OCT activity in R-Y121B cells was about one-tenth(More)
Tax1-binding protein 1 (TAX1BP1) is a ubiquitin-binding protein that restricts nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) activation and facilitates the termination of aberrant inflammation. However, its roles in B-cell activation and differentiation are poorly understood. To evaluate the function of TAX1BP1 in B cells, we established TAX1BP1-deficient DT40 B cells that are(More)
A cell line (R-Y121B·DF) has been established from a cell line (R-Y121B) derived from a rat hepatoma line (H4-II-E). The R-Y121B·DF cells have been continuously cultured in a serum-free modified Eagle's minimum essential medium in which l-phenylalanine was replaced by d-phenylalanine. They had d-amino-acid oxidase (DAO) activity which is essential for the(More)