Shun Kishimoto

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AIMS In addition to nitric oxide and carbon monoxide, hydrogen sulfide (H(2)S) is an endogenously synthesized gaseous molecule that acts as an important signaling molecule in the living body. Transcription factor hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) is known to respond to intracellular reduced oxygen (O(2)) availability, which is regulated by an elaborate(More)
Photoimmunotherapy (PIT) using the near-infrared-absorbing photosensitizing phthalocyanine dye, IRDye 700DX (IR-700), conjugated with a tumor-targeting antibody such as panitumumab (Pan) has shown efficacy in in vitro studies and several preclinical models in mice with promise for clinical translation. PIT results in rapid necrotic cell death in vitro and(More)
Hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) is the main transcription factor responsible for hypoxia-induced gene expression. Perioperative drugs including anesthetics have been reported to affect HIF-1 activity. However, the effect of fentanyl on HIF-1 activity is not well documented. In this study, we investigated the effect of fentanyl and other opioids on HIF-1(More)
Both severe hypokalemia and persistent hypertension are clinical symptoms of hyperaldosteronism. Hyperaldosteronism may occur as a primary or secondary syndrome. Excess ACTH produced ectopically by tumors may induce hyperaldosteronism through the mineralocorticoid activity of glucocorticoids that are upregulated by ACTH. Licorice, with the active ingredient(More)
BACKGROUND TH-302 is a hypoxia-activated prodrug (HAP) of bromo isophosphoramide mustard that is selectively activated within hypoxic regions in solid tumors. Our recent study showed that intravenously administered bolus pyruvate can transiently induce hypoxia in tumors. We investigated the mechanism underlying the induction of transient hypoxia and the(More)
In the present study, we show the spontaneous elevation of the transcription of heat shock protein (hsp 70) gene in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) of individuals with active systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) by nuclear run-on transcription assay. For quantification analysis of hsp 70 gene transcription, we first found more than ten times of the(More)
The study of alterations of tumor metabolism should allow the identification of new targets for innovative anticancer strategies. Metabolic alterations are generally established in vitro, and conclusions are often extrapolated to the in vivo situation without further tumor metabolic phenotyping. To highlight the key role of microenvironment on tumor(More)
Reverting glycolytic metabolism is an attractive strategy for cancer therapy as upregulated glycolysis is a hallmark in various cancers. Dichloroacetate (DCA), long used to treat lactic acidosis in various pathologies, has emerged as a promising anti-cancer drug. By inhibiting the pyruvate dehydrogenase kinase, DCA reactivates the mitochondrial function and(More)
SIGNIFICANCE Proton-electron double-resonance imaging (PEDRI) employs electron paramagnetic resonance irradiation with low-field magnetic resonance imaging so that the electron spin polarization is transferred to nearby protons, resulting in higher signals. PEDRI provides information about free radical distribution and, indirectly, about the local(More)
AIMS Evofosfamide (TH-302) is a hypoxia-activated prodrug (HAP) that releases the DNA-damaging bromo-isophosphoramide mustard (Br-IPM) moiety selectively under hypoxic conditions. Since solid tumors are known to have hypoxic regions, HAPs in combination with chemotherapy or radiotherapy (XRT) will be beneficial. We tested the oxygen dependence of release(More)