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INTRODUCTION Accurate, continuous, left ventricular stroke volume (SV) measurements can convey large amounts of information about patient hemodynamic status and response to therapy. However, direct measurements are highly invasive in clinical practice, and current procedures for estimating SV require specialized devices and significant approximation. (More)
Background: Pressure contour analysis is commonly used to estimate cardiac performance for patients suffering from cardiovascular dysfunction in the intensive care unit. However, the existing techniques for continuous estimation of stroke volume (SV) from pressure measurement can be unreliable during hemodynamic instability, which is inevitable for patients(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this paper was to establish a minimally invasive method for deriving the left ventricular time varying elastance (TVE) curve beat-by-beat, the monitoring of which's inter-beat evolution could add significant new data and insight to improve diagnosis and treatment. The method developed uses the clinically available inputs of aortic(More)
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) patient outcomes can be improved by extracting and synthesizing as much useful information as possible from a limited number of available measurements. An important metric in assessing the pathological state of CVD patients is cardiac preload. Left ventricular preload can be estimated through the surrogate measurement of left(More)
Accurate Stroke Volume (SV) monitoring is essential for patient with cardiovascular dysfunction patients. However, direct SV measurements are not clinically feasible due to the highly invasive nature of measurement devices. Current devices for indirect monitoring of SV are shown to be inaccurate during sudden hemodynamic changes. This paper presents a novel(More)
The End-Systolic Pressure-Volume Relation (ESPVR) is generally modelled as a linear relationship between P and V as cardiac reflexes, such as the baroreflex, are typically suppressed in experiments. However, ESPVR has been observed to behave in a curvilinear fashion when cardiac reflexes are not suppressed, suggesting the curvilinear function may be more(More)
This paper describes the relationship between the development of skeletal open-bite malocclusion and the tooth-to-denture base discrepancy. The cases which have a severe skeletal open-bite malocclusion are presented to evaluate the causing factor of the anterior open-bite. The anterior open-bite was associated with inferiorly positioned maxillary molars(More)
Mandibular lateral displacement (MLD) is a result of temporarily accelerated growth of unilateral condyle. Structure of lower face of typical mandibular lateral displacement malocclusion was analysed by means of modified denture frame analysis. Results of measurement indicated that noteworthy present on difference of maxillary occlusal plane between right(More)
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