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Carbon monoxide (CO) intoxication can result in cognitive deficits and demyelinating changes of the white matter (WM), for which hyperbaric-oxygen (HBO) treatment is considered effective in reducing neuropsychiatric symptoms. This study aimed to analyze cognitive functions and WM diffusion properties in CO intoxication after standard HBO treatment.(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder characterized clinically by memory and cognitive dysfunction. Unfortunately, there is no effective therapeutic method for AD treatment or ways to halt disease progression. Many mechanisms are involved in the disease, including genes mutation and protein dysfunction. RNA interference (RNAi)(More)
The N-terminal region of the envelope (env) transmembrane protein of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) has a leucine zipper-like motif. This highly conserved zipper motif, which consists of a heptad repeat of leucine or isoleucine residues, has been suggested to play a role in HIV-1 env glycoprotein oligomerization. This hypothesis was tested by(More)
Exposure to elevated temperature provokes a sequence of events (heat shock response) in all living organisms. Through this response, heat shock proteins (HSPs) are induced and protect the cells against subsequent injury. We investigated the effect of heat treatment on bicuculline-induced convulsions, and analyzed a possible role of HSPs. Screw electrodes(More)
BACKGROUND Anatid herpesvirus 1 (AHV-1) is an alphaherpesvirus associated with latent infection and mortality in ducks and geese and is currently affecting the world-wide waterfowl production severely. Here we describe a fluorescent quantitative real-time PCR (FQ-PCR) method developed for fast measurement of AHV-1 DNA based on TaqMan MGB technology. (More)
OBJECTIVES A restricted neurological deficit is not uncommon in patients with cortical lesions. However, in cheiro-oral syndrome (COS) associated with cortical involvement, the topographic disparity of the cheiral and oral representation area is hardly explained by the restricted sensorium at the homolateral mouth angle/lip and finger/hand, with sparing of(More)
Similar to mammals, several viral-sensing pattern recognition receptors (PRR) have been identified in birds including Toll-like receptors (TLR) and retinoic acid-inducible gene I (RIG-I)-like receptors (RLR). Avian TLR are slightly different from their mammalian counterparts, including the pseudogene TLR8, the absence of TLR9, and the presence of TLR1La,(More)
The icosahedral virion of duck enteritis virus (DEV) is roughly spherical and approximately 150 nm in diameter. Here, we describe the genomic features of DEV CHv together with a draft genome sequence and its annotation, highlighting the homogeneity and heterogeneity of this genome in comparison with its reference genomes.
Riemerella anatipestifer is one of the most important pathogens of ducks. However, the molecular mechanisms of R. anatipestifer infection are poorly understood. In particular, the lack of genomic information from a variety of R. anatipestifer strains has proved severely limiting. In this study, we present the complete genomes of two R. anatipestifer(More)
This paper is concerned with the sampled-data state estimation and H(∞) filtering for a class of Markovian jump systems with the discontinuous Lyapunov approach. The system measurements are sampled and then transmitted to the estimator and filter in order to estimate the state of the jumped system under consideration. The corresponding error dynamics is(More)