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In this paper, we discuss various technologies needed to develop retinal prostheses with wireless power and data telemetry operation. In addition to the need to communicate with the implanted device, supply of power to the retinal prosthesis is especially difficult. This is because, in the implanted state, the device is not fixed in position due to constant(More)
BACKGROUND The presence of persistent Chlamydia trachomatis infection after treatment does not always correlate with in vitro susceptibility testing. METHODS The in vitro minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimal bactericidal concentration (MBC) of azithromycin, clarithromycin, roxithromycin, doxycycline, tetracycline, ofloxacin, and penicillin(More)
3-Monochloropropane-1,2-diol (3-MCPD) is a well-known food processing contaminant that has been shown to impede the male reproductive function. However, its mechanism of action remains to be elucidated. In this study, the effects of 3-MCPD on progesterone production were investigated using R2C Leydig cells. 3-MCPD caused concentration-dependent inhibition(More)
This paper presents a complete 256-electrode retinal prosthesis chip, which is small and ready for packaging and implantation. It contains 256 separate programmable drivers dedicated to 256 electrodes for flexible stimulation. A 4-wire interface is employed for power and data transmission between the chip and a driving unit. Power and forward data are(More)
The food contaminant acrylamide (AA) is usually recognized as a probable human carcinogen. In addition, AA has also been found able to induce male infertility in animals. Interestingly, resent research work revealed that the toxic effect of AA on the ability of male reproduction in vivo may due to glycidamide (GA) which is the metabolite of AA. In this(More)
Delivering power to an implanted device located deep inside the body is not trivial. This problem is made more challenging if the implanted device is in constant motion. This paper describes two methods of transferring power wirelessly by means of magnetic induction coupling. In the first method, a pair of transmit and receive coils is used for power(More)
In this paper, we present a precise charge balancing and compliance voltage monitoring stimulator front-end for 1024-electrode retinal prosthesis. Our stimulator is based on current mode stimulation. To generate a precisely matched biphasic current pulse, a dynamic current copying technique is applied at the stimulator front-end. A compliance voltage(More)
In order to explore novel urease inhibitors, three new mononuclear complexes of Cu(II) and Zn(II) with Schiff base 2-{[2-(2-hydroxyethylamino)ethylimino]methyl}-4-nitrophenol have been prepared and structurally characterized by X-ray crystallography. Among the three complexes, two Cu(II) complexes show strong urease inhibitory activities with the IC(50)(More)
Rapamycin is a clinically important drug that is used in transplantation and cancer therapy but which causes a number of side effects, including male infertility. Its canonical target, mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1), plays a key role in metabolism and binds chromatin; however, its precise role in the male germline has not been elucidated.(More)
This paper presents a highly flexible and complete 256-electrode retinal prosthesis chip, which is small and ready for packaging and implantation. The chip contains 256 separate programmable drivers each of which is dedicated to its own electrode for flexible stimulation. The stimulator possesses a wide range of stimulation features, supporting various(More)