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This paper presents a highly flexible 64-electrode stimulator using 65 nm CMOS process fabricated as a stage towards a 1024-electrode epi-retinal prosthesis, which aims to restore partial vision in patients suffering from eye diseases such as retinitis pigmentosa (RP) and age-related macular degradation (AMD). The stimulator drives 64 electrodes with many(More)
—This paper presents a complete 256-electrode retinal prosthesis chip, which is small and ready for packaging and implantation. It contains 256 separate programmable drivers dedicated to 256 electrodes for flexible stimulation. A 4-wire interface is employed for power and data transmission between the chip and a driving unit. Power and forward data are(More)
In this paper, we present a precise charge balancing and compliance voltage monitoring stimulator front-end for 1024-electrode retinal prosthesis. Our stimulator is based on current mode stimulation. To generate a precisely matched biphasic current pulse, a dynamic current copying technique is applied at the stimulator front-end. A compliance voltage(More)
—This paper presents a highly flexible and complete 256-electrode retinal prosthesis chip, which is small and ready for packaging and implantation. The chip contains 256 separate programmable drivers each of which is dedicated to its own electrode for flexible stimulation. The stimulator possesses a wide range of stimulation features, supporting various(More)
This paper investigates how the configuration of return electrodes in an electrode array affects the amount of current crosstalk when electrodes are driven simultaneously in saline. Two pairs of electrodes in different return configurations were stimulated with different-amplitude biphasic currents. Stimulating electrodes were controlled by current sinks(More)
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