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Fluorescence microscopic observation of individual T4 DNA molecules revealed that the MukBEF complex (bacterial condensin) and its subunit, the MukB (a member of the SMC [structural maintenance of chromosomes] superfamily) homodimer, of Escherichia coli markedly shrunk large DNA molecules in the presence of hydrolyzable ATP. In contrast, in the presence of(More)
The mukB gene is essential for the partitioning of sister chromosomes in Escherichia coli. A mukB null mutant is hypersensitive to the DNA gyrase inhibitor novobiocin. In this work, we isolated mutants suppressing the novobiocin hypersensitivity of the mukB null mutation. All suppressor mutations are localized in or near the gyrB gene, and the four tested(More)
SopA, SopB proteins and the cis-acting sopC DNA region of F plasmid are essential for partitioning of the plasmid, ensuring proper subcellular positioning of the plasmid DNA molecules. We have analyzed by immunofluorescence microscopy the subcellular localization of SopA and SopB. The majority of SopB molecules formed foci, which localized frequently with F(More)
Various events involving partitioning of sister chromosomes were precisely analyzed in asynchronously growing Escherichia coli cells in various conditions. To examine the cohesion between sister chromosomes, we analyzed living cells growing under various conditions for the number of the replication origin (oriC) copies by flow cytometry and the foci of oriC(More)
To demonstrate that sequestration A (SeqA) protein binds preferentially to hemimethylated GATC sequences at replication forks and forms clusters in Escherichia coli growing cells, we analysed, by the chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) assay using anti-SeqA antibody, a synchronized culture of a temperature-sensitive dnaC mutant strain in which only one(More)
To examine the subcellular localization of the replication machinery in Escherichia coli, we have developed an immunofluorescence method that allows us to determine the subcellular location of newly synthesized DNA pulse-labeled with 5-bromo-2′-deoxyuridine (BrdU). Using this technique, we have analyzed growing cells. In wild-type cells that showed a single(More)
Spatial regulation of nucleoids and chromosome-partitioning proteins is important for proper chromosome partitioning in Escherichia coli. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms are unknown. In the present work, we showed that mutation or chemical perturbation of secretory A (SecA), an ATPase component of the membrane protein translocation machinery,(More)
Mechanical properties such as physical constraint and pushing of chromosomes are thought to be important for chromosome segregation in Escherichia coli and it could be mediated by a hypothetical molecular "tether." However, the actual tether that mediates these features is not known. We previously described that SecA (Secretory A) and Secretory Y (SecY),(More)
The dynamics of biological communities are the result of social interactions among components that span multiple scales. In addition, differences between population-level dynamics and species-level dynamics are poorly understood and have generated ambiguity regarding the concepts of what constitutes a population and a species. In the present study,(More)