Shumpei Watanabe

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To the Editor: Filoviruses cause highly lethal hemorrhagic fever in humans and nonhuman primates, except for Reston Ebolavirus (REBOV), which causes severe hemorrhagic fever in macaques (1,2). REBOV epizootics among cynomolgus macaques occurred in 1989, 1990, 1992, and 1996 (2) and among swine in 2008 (3). African fruit bats have been suggested to be(More)
To the Editor: Bats are potential reservoir for highly pathogenic viruses, such as Nipah virus (NiV) and Hendra virus, which can cross species barriers (1). However, only limited surveillance has been conducted to assess risk for infection by these deadly emerging viruses. We conducted a study in Vietnam from 2007 to 2008 to assess the prevalence of these(More)
Two infectious agents were isolated from Culex species mosquitoes in Japan and were identified as distinct strains of a new RNA virus by a method for sequence-independent amplification of viral nucleic acids. The virus designated Omono River virus (OMRV) replicated in mosquito cells in which it produced a severe cytopathic effect. Icosahedral virus(More)
Bats are now known as the source of several diseases in humans, but few studies regarding immune responses and factors associated with bats have so far been reported. In this study, we focused on STAT1, one of the critical components in interferon (IFN)-signaling and antiviral activity, which is often targeted by viral proteins to reduce antiviral activity(More)
Toxoplasma gondii CDPK1 (TgCDPK1) was found to be the target of the toxoplasmocidal compound 1NM-PP1. When TgCDPK1 was mutated at position 128 from glycine to methionine, resistance was gained. Inhibition of gliding motility without inhibition of micronemal secretion by 1NM-PP1 suggests a function for TgCDPK1 in gliding motility.
This is the first report on the cDNA sequences of bat interleukin (IL)-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, IL-12 p40, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha. The cDNAs of bat IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, IL-12 p40, and TNF-alpha comprise 459, 405, 624, 537, 990, and 699 base pairs respectively. Moreover, each of the cDNAs of bat IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, IL-12 p40, and(More)
In this study, cDNA of Toll-like receptors (TLR) 3, 7 and 9 were synthesized and completely sequenced. The coding regions of cDNA for bat TLR3, TLR7 and TLR9 were 2,718, 3,150 and 3,090 bp in length, respectively. The open reading frames encoded 905, 1,049 and 1,029 amino acids for TLR3, TLR7 and TLR9, respectively. The nucleotide sequences, predicted amino(More)
Bats have great potential as reservoirs for emerging viruses such as severe acute respiratory syndrome-coronavirus. In this study, bat coronaviruses (BtCoVs) were detected by RT-PCR from intestinal and fecal specimens of Miniopterus fuliginosus breeding colonies in Wakayama Prefecture caves, where we previously identified bat betaherpesvirus 2. Two primer(More)
Fifty-two bats captured during July 2008 in the Philippines were tested by reverse transcription-PCR to detect bat coronavirus (CoV) RNA. The overall prevalence of virus RNA was 55.8%. We found 2 groups of sequences that belonged to group 1 (genus Alphacoronavirus) and group 2 (genus Betacoronavirus) CoVs. Phylogenetic analysis of the RNA-dependent RNA(More)
Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) is a fatal degenerative disease caused by persistent measles virus (MV) infection in the central nervous system (CNS). From the genetic study of MV isolates obtained from SSPE patients, it is thought that defects of the matrix (M) protein play a crucial role in MV pathogenicity in the CNS. In this study, we report(More)