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OBJECTIVES We evaluated the spatial accessibility of large "chain" supermarkets in relation to neighborhood racial composition and poverty. METHODS We used a geographic information system to measure Manhattan block distance to the nearest supermarket for 869 neighborhoods (census tracts) in metropolitan Detroit. We constructed moving average spatial(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the availability, selection, quality, and price of fresh fruit and vegetables at food stores in four Detroit-area communities: 1) predominately African-American, low socioeconomic position (SEP); 2) racially heterogeneous, low SEP; 3) predominately African-American, middle SEP; and 4) racially heterogeneous, middle SEP. DESIGN(More)
Many studies of regional disparity in China have focused on the preferential policies received by the coastal provinces. We decomposed the location dummies in provincial growth regressions to obtain estimates of the effects of geography and policy on provincial growth rates in 1996–99. Their respective contributions in percentage points were 2.5 and 3.5 for(More)
*Presented in an AEA/CES session titled " Gender and Labor Mobility in the Chinese Labor Market " at the ASSA conference in San Francisco on January 3, 2009. We are grateful to Gewei Wang in assisting us with data compilation and Robert Girtz for his assistance with data collection. Yaohui Zhao acknowledges support from the Key Research Base of the(More)
Any opinions expressed here are those of the author(s) and not those of the institute. Research disseminated by IZA may include views on policy, but the institute itself takes no institutional policy positions. The Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in Bonn is a local and virtual international research center and a place of communication between(More)
With the advent of Web 2.0, new technologies for spatial data service, and demanding needs in spatial data sharing, and advanced analysis, both geographic information system and spatial statistics are facing challenges from different disciplines never met before. Due to their mutual beneficial roles in highlevel decision making, it’s quite essential to make(More)