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High blood cholesterol has been associated with cardiovascular diseases. The enzyme HMG CoA reductase (HMGCR) is responsible for cholesterol synthesis, and inhibitors of this enzyme (statins) have been used clinically to control blood cholesterol. Sterol regulatory element binding protein (SREBP) -2 is a key transcription factor in cholesterol metabolism,(More)
Aromatase or cytochrome P450 (CYP19) enzyme catalyzes the rate-determining reaction in estrogen synthesis. Inhibiting aromatase is a major strategy in treating breast cancer patients. However, suppression on the transcriptional activity may be equally important in controlling aromatase. Dietary flavones and flavonones have been previously demonstrated to be(More)
BACKGROUND It has been demonstrated that taurine is one of the most abundant free amino acids in the male reproductive system, and can be biosynthesized by male reproductive organs. But the effect of taurine on male reproduction is poorly understood. METHODS Taurine and beta-alanine (taurine transport inhibitor) were offered in water to male rats of(More)
BACKGROUND It has been verified that taurine has some preventive effects on diabetes and its complications when used alone or together with other drugs, but there are few reports about taurine on the prevention of diabetic nephropathy, the mechanisms of which are still unknown. METHODS Taurine was administered to type diabetic rats induced by high fat(More)
BACKGROUND IL-17(+) T helper cells and Foxp3(+) regulatory T cells are CD4(+) T helper cells with reciprocally regulated differentiation and function. Their frequency and function vary in patients with chronic hepatitis B. In this study, we investigated the balance between IL-17(+) T cells and Foxp3(+) regulatory T cells and illustrated their function in(More)
A protein of 110 kDa (termed VP110) from the envelope fraction of White spot syndrome virus (WSSV) was identified by SDS-PAGE and mass spectrometry. The resulting amino acid sequence matched an open reading frame (wsv035) containing an Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) motif in the WSSV genome database. To validate the mass-spectrometry result, the C-terminal segment of(More)
In males, the decline of androgen synthesis, spermatogenesis and sexual function are the main phenotypes of aging, which may be attributed to testicular dysfunction. Taurine can act as an antioxidant, a testosterone secretion stimulator, a sperm membrane stabilizer and motility factor, and an anti-apoptotic agent. Recent observational studies suggested that(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells are abundant in the liver and constitute a major innate immune component that contributes to immune-mediated liver injury. However, few studies have investigated the phenotypes and functions of NK cells involved in hepatitis B related liver failure (LF), and the precise mechanism underlying NK cell regulation is not fully(More)
Consumption of fruits and vegetables is generally regarded as beneficial to plasma lipid profile. The mechanism by which the plant foods induce desirable lipid changes remains unclear. SREBP-2 is crucial in cholesterol metabolism, and it is a major regulator of the cholesterol biosynthesis enzyme HMGCR. Our lab has previously illustrated that apigenin and(More)