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UNLABELLED Male infertility as a result of spinal cord injury (SCI) is associated with abnormal semen qualities including low sperm counts and poor sperm motility and morphology. Clinical studies suggest that reactive oxygen species (ROS)-related events might contribute to abnormal sperm functions after SCI. The current study examined whether impaired sperm(More)
Retinoic acid receptors (RARs) are nuclear transcription factors that mediate the effects of retinoids. Aberrant expression and regulation of RARs have been linked to various malignancies, including steroid-related breast and cervical cancers. Our previous results also suggest that prostate cancer is associated with altered RAR signaling. To understand the(More)
Our previous studies demonstrated various abnormalities in spermatogenesis after spinal cord injury (SCI) in cord-transected rats. In this study, we examined whether abnormalities in spermatogenesis in SCI rats were related to the degree of SCI. We used spinal cord-contused (SCC) rats as a model. Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were subjected to various(More)
Our previous observations of changes in the expression of cAMP-dependent genes and the cAMP-responsive element modulator (CREM) in rat testicular cells after spinal cord injury (SCI) implied abnormal cAMP signaling as one of the mechanisms underlying the effects of SCI on spermatogenesis. It was postulated that such effects might contribute to abnormal(More)
BACKGROUND Fatty livers have chronic oxidative stress, which could activate several transcription factors. We hypothesized that fatty livers of obese rats have increased activation of signal transducers and activators of transcription-1 and transcription-3 (Stat-1 and Stat-3) and that tocopherol treatment will decrease Stat activation. METHODS Obese (Ob)(More)
INTRODUCTION Exogenous testosterone has been shown to attenuate spinal cord injury (SCI)-related regression of spermatogenesis in the rat. The current experiment investigated the effects of exogenous testosterone in testicular and sperm functions in the rat during the chronic phase of SCI. METHODS Chronic SCI rats were given subcutaneous implants of(More)
UNLABELLED The current experiment examined the effects of exogenous testosterone (T) on spermatogenesis in rats with spinal cord injury (SCI) and their relationship with the cellular distribution of a cyclic AMP-responsive element modulator (CREM) in testicular cells. Implantation of T-filled Silastic capsules (TCs, 1-20 cm) resulted in dose-dependent,(More)
INTRODUCTION Earlier studies demonstrated that the effects of spinal cord injury (SCI) on spermatogenesis were associated with altered Sertoli cell responses to treatment with follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and/or testosterone (T). Because of the importance of the cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cAMP) signal pathway in hormonal actions on Sertoli(More)
The elastic impedance is the combination of acoustic impedance inversion and AVO technology, which makes it more comprehensive and more intuitive to distinguish the oil and gas information. Nowadays, the studies on elastic impedance mainly focus on the derivation of new elastic impedance formulas and the qualitative analysis of practical application. But(More)