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Knowledge of the excess risk posed by specific cardiovascular syndromes could help in the development of strategies to reduce premature mortality among patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The rates of atherosclerotic vascular disease, congestive heart failure, renal replacement therapy, and death were compared in a 5% sample of the United States(More)
BACKGROUND The extent of diabetes, chronic kidney disease (CKD), and cardiovascular disease (CVD) in the Medicare population is relatively unknown. Also unknown is the effect of these diseases on patient survival before end-stage renal disease (ESRD). METHODS Prevalent cohorts of Medicare enrollees from 1996 to 2000 were assessed for diabetes and CKD,(More)
BACKGROUND Congestive heart failure (CHF) is a common clinical problem in the elderly, yet few studies have focused on this population. In addition, information on mortality rates conferred by chronic kidney disease (CKD) and anemia in elderly patients with CHF is lacking. METHODS AND RESULTS A cohort of 1,136,201 patients in the 5% Medicare database,(More)