Learn More
Binding interactions between the plasma membrane and the cytoskeleton define cell functions such as cell shape, formation of cell processes, cell movement, and endocytosis. Here we use optical tweezers tether force measurements and show that plasma membrane phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) acts as a second messenger that regulates the adhesion(More)
The c-Abl tyrosine (Tyr) kinase is activated after platelet-derived-growth factor receptor (PDGFR) stimulation in a manner that is partially dependent on Src kinase activity. However, the activity of Src kinases alone is not sufficient for activation of c-Abl by PDGFR. Here we show that functional phospholipase C-gamma1 (PLC-gamma1) is required for c-Abl(More)
Despite the inarguable relevance of p53 in cancer, genome-wide studies relating endogenous p53 activity to the expression of lncRNAs in human cells are still missing. Here, by integrating RNA-seq with p53 ChIP-seq analyses of a human cancer cell line under DNA damage, we define a high-confidence set of 18 lncRNAs that are p53 transcriptional targets. We(More)
Phosphatidylinositol transfer proteins (PITPs) regulate the interface between signal transduction, membrane-trafficking, and lipid metabolic pathways in eukaryotic cells. The best characterized mammalian PITPs are PITP alpha and PITP beta, two highly homologous proteins that are encoded by distinct genes. Insights into PITP alpha and PITP beta function in(More)
Loss of function of Bruton's tyrosine kinase (Btk) causes X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA) in humans and X-linked immunodeficiency in mice (xid). By using MS analysis and phosphopeptide-specific antibodies, we identified a tyrosine phosphorylation site (Y617) near the carboxyl terminus of the Btk domain from Btk expressed in 293T as well as DT-40 cells.(More)
Inositol polyphosphate 5-phosphatases are central to intracellular processes ranging from membrane trafficking to Ca(2+) signaling, and defects in this activity result in the human disease Lowe syndrome. The 1.8 resolution structure of the inositol polyphosphate 5-phosphatase domain of SPsynaptojanin bound to Ca(2+) and inositol (1,4)-bisphosphate reveals a(More)
Transthyretin (TTR)-associated amyloidosis is a late-onset autosomal-dominant genetic disease. Over 100 amyloidogenic mutations have been identified in TTR which destabilize the TTR tetramer thereby inducing the formation of amyloid fibrils in tissues such as the heart and peripheral nerves. This disease mainly affects peripheral nerves, causing familial(More)
β-Thalassemia and HFE-related hemochromatosis are 2 of the most frequently inherited disorders worldwide. Both disorders are characterized by low levels of hepcidin (HAMP), the hormone that regulates iron absorption. As a consequence, patients affected by these disorders exhibit iron overload, which is the main cause of morbidity and mortality. HAMP(More)
A major challenge in stem cell-mediated regenerative medicine is the development of defined culture systems for the maintenance of clinical-grade human embryonic stem (hES) cells. Here, we identify, using a feedback system control scheme, a unique combination of three small molecule inhibitors that enables the maintenance of hES cells on a(More)
With their unique ability to differentiate into all cell types, embryonic stem (ES) cells hold great therapeutic promise. To improve the efficiency of embryoid body (EB)-mediated ES cell differentiation, we studied murine EBs on the basis of their size and found that EBs with an intermediate size (diameter 100-300 microm) are the most proliferative, hold(More)