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Mismatch repair (MMR) genes, such as Msh2, are classified as "mutator" genes, responsible for the microsatellite instability identified in many tumors. In the current study, the mutation frequency and mutational spectrum in thymic lymphoma arising in Msh2 deficient mice are investigated. Thymic lymphoma developed in Msh2-/- background displayed an eight to(More)
Mitochondrial DNA depletion syndromes are autosomal recessive diseases characterized by a severe decrease in mitochondrial DNA content leading to dysfunction of the affected organ. They are phenotypically heterogeneous and classified as myopathic, encephalomyopathic, or hepatocerebral. The latter group has been associated with mutations in TWINKLE,POLG1,(More)
Berberine, extracted from golden thread (Coptis chinensis Franch), is an allelochemical exhibiting inhibitory effects on the growth of Microcystis aeruginosa. Berberine-induced oxidative damage and antioxidant responses in M. aeruginosa cells were investigated to elucidate the mechanisms involved in berberine inhibition on algal growth. Malondialdehyde(More)
BACKGROUND Mitochondrial neurogastrointestinal encephalopathy (MNGIE) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder associated with thymidine phosphorylase deficiency resulting in high levels of plasma thymidine and a characteristic clinical phenotype. OBJECTIVE To investigate the molecular basis of MNGIE in a patient with a normal plasma thymidine level.(More)
Protein kinase CK2 is frequently elevated in a variety of human cancers. The Hedgehog (Hh) signaling pathway has been implicated in stem cell maintenance, and its aberrant activation has been indicated in several types of cancer, including lung cancer. In this study, we show that CK2 is positively involved in Hh/Gli signaling in lung cancer cell lines A549(More)
Magnaporthe oryzae (Mo) is the causative pathogen of the damaging disease rice blast. The effector gene AvrPib, which confers avirulence to host carrying resistance gene Pib, was isolated via map-based cloning. The gene encodes a 75-residue protein, which includes a signal peptide. Phenotyping and genotyping of 60 isolates from each of five geographically(More)
AIM To investigate the biological function of F protein by yeast two-hybrid system. METHODS We constructed F protein bait plasmid by cloning the gene of F protein into pGBKT7, then recombinant plasmid DNA was transformed into yeast AH109 (a type). The transformed yeast AH109 was mated with yeast Y187 (alpha type) containing liver cDNA library plasmid in(More)
Genetic epidemiology researches such as twin studies, family-clustering of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection studies and ethnic difference studies have provided the evidence that host genetic factors play an important role in determining the outcome of HBV infection. The opening questions include which human genes are important in infection and how to find(More)
OPA1 is highly expressed in retina and optic nerve. OPA1 mutations were first identified in patients with non-syndromic autosomal dominant optic atrophy. Recently, OPA1 mutations were detected in a multisystemic disorder which has optic atrophy as the core clinical feature and multiple mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) deletions in muscle. We report a patient with(More)
AIM To explore the possible mechanism of intrauterine infection of hepatitis B virus (HBV). METHODS HBV DNA was detected in vaginal secretion and amniotic fluid from 59 HBsAg-positive mothers and in venous blood of their newborns by PCR. HBsAg and HBcAg in placenta were determined by ABC immunohistochemistry. RESULTS The rate of HBV intrauterine(More)