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BACKGROUND The signaling pathways imposing hormonal control over adipocyte differentiation are poorly understood. While insulin and Akt signaling have been found previously to be essential for adipogenesis, the relative importance of their many downstream branches have not been defined. One direct substrate that is inhibited by Akt-mediated phosphorylation(More)
AIMS A prothrombotic state with elevated levels of soluble P-selectin (sP-sel), fibrinogen, von Willebrand factor (vWf), and other haemostatic indices has been reported in some patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). Whether these changes are due to AF itself or coexistent cardiovascular diseases remains a matter of debate. Therefore, in the present study,(More)
Estrogens play a pivotal role in the development and progression of prostate cancer (PCa). Their actions are mediated by estrogen receptors (ERs), particularly ERbeta in the prostate epithelium. With the discovery of ERbeta isoforms, data from previous studies that focused principally on the wild-type ERbeta (ERbeta1) may not be adequate in explaining the(More)
BACKGROUND Ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) originating from the anterosuperior left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) represent a challenging location for catheter ablation. This study investigates mapping and ablation of VA from anterosuperior LVOT via a transseptal approach. METHODS AND RESULTS This study included 27 patients with symptomatic VA, of which(More)
Desmosomes and gap junctions are situated in the intercalated disks of cardiac muscle and maintain the integrity of mechanical coupling and electrical impulse conduction between cells. The desmosomal plakin protein, desmoplakin (DSP), also plays a crucial role in the stability of these interconnected components as well as gap junction connexin proteins. In(More)
Mutations in the TSC1 and TSC2 tumor suppressor genes give rise to the neoplastic disorders tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) and lymphangioleiomyomatosis. Their gene products form a complex that is a critical negative regulator of mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) complex 1 (mTORC1) and cell growth. We recently found that the TSC1-TSC2 complex promotes(More)
BACKGROUND Atrial-based pacing is associated with lower risk of atrial fibrillation (AF) in sick sinus syndrome compared with ventricular pacing; nevertheless, the impact of site and rate of atrial pacing on progression of AF remains unclear. We evaluated whether long-term atrial pacing at the right atrial (RA) appendage versus the low RA septum with (ON)(More)
Carvedilol is a beta- and alpha(1)-adrenoceptor antagonist. It is widely used in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases including atrial arrhythmias. However, it is unclear whether carvedilol may affect the repolarization currents, transient outward K(+) current (I(to)) and ultra-rapid delayed rectifier K(+) current (I(Kur)) in the human atrium. The(More)
Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS) is a familial cancer disorder due to inherited loss of function mutations in the LKB1/ STK11 serine/threonine kinase. PJS patients develop gastrointestinal hamartomas with 100% penetrance often in the second decade of life, and demonstrate an increased predisposition toward the development of a number of additional malignancies.(More)
SOX genes play an important role in a number of developmental processes. Potential roles of SOXs have been demonstrated in various neoplastic tissues as tumor suppressors or promoters depending on tumor status and types. The aim of this study was to investigate the involvement of SOXs in the progression and prognosis of human prostate cancer (PCa). The gene(More)