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Evolution of Termite Symbiosis Informed by Transcriptome-Based Phylogenies
Termitidae comprises ∼80% of all termite species [1] that play dominant decomposer roles in tropical ecosystems [2, 3]. Two major events during termite evolution were the loss of cellulolytic gutExpand
cDNA cloning and expression analysis of myostatin/GDF11 in shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei.
Myostatin (MSTN) and growth differentiation factor-11 (GDF11) are closely related proteins belonging to the transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) superfamily. In vertebrates, MSTN is known toExpand
Identification of ecdysteroid signaling late-response genes from different tissues of the Pacific white shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei.
Ecdysteroids initiate signaling along multiple pathways that regulate various aspects of development, maturation, and reproduction in arthropods. This study was carried out to seek the late targetExpand
A galectin from shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei is involved in immune recognition and bacteria phagocytosis.
Galectins are conserved family members with β-galactosides affinity that play multiple functions in embryogenesis, development and regulation of innate and adaptive immunity. However, littleExpand
Identification, characterization and functional analysis of a serine protease inhibitor (Lvserpin) from the Pacific white shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei.
As important arthropod immune responses, prophenoloxidase (proPO) activation and Toll pathway initiation are mediated by serine proteinase cascades and regulated by serpins. Herein, a serine proteaseExpand
Molecular characterization of a p38 MAPK from Litopenaeus vannamei and its expression during the molt cycle and following pathogen infection.
The p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), a serine/threonine-specific protein kinase, has been reported to be involved in innate immunity, development and muscle differentiation. To exploreExpand
Identification and functional studies of Akirin, a potential positive nuclear factor of NF-κB signaling pathways in the Pacific white shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei.
As conserved nuclear factors, Akirins play critical roles in regulating antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) transcription downstream of NF-κB dependent signaling pathways in insects and mammals. However,Expand
RNAi knock-down of shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei Toll gene and immune deficiency gene reveals their difference in regulating antimicrobial peptides transcription.
NF-κB dependent antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are of critical importance in protecting insects or mammals from microorganisms infection. However, we still do not make clear signaling pathways inExpand
p53 is involved in shrimp survival via its regulation roles on MnSOD and GPx in response to acute environmental stresses.
The tumor suppressor gene p53 plays a critical role in safeguarding the integrity of genome in mammalian cells. It acts as a sequence-specific transcription factor. Once activated by a variety ofExpand
Molecular characterization of LvAV in response to white spot syndrome virus infection in the Pacific white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei).
Litopenaeus vannamei is the most important farmed shrimp species globally, but its production is affected by several factors, including infectious disease. White spot syndrome virus (WSSV), inExpand