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The neurotransmitter serotonin (5-HT) plays an important role in both the peripheral and central nervous systems. The biosynthesis of serotonin is regulated by two rate-limiting enzymes, tryptophan hydroxylase-1 and -2 (TPH1 and TPH2). We used a gene-targeting approach to generate mice with selective and complete elimination of the two known TPH isoforms.(More)
The ciliary body in the eye secretes aqueous humor and glycoproteins of the vitreous body and maintains the intraocular pressure. The ciliary muscle controls the shape of the lens through the ciliary zonules to focus the image onto the retina. During embryonic development, the ciliary epithelium is derived from the optic vesicle, but the molecular signals(More)
The 5-hydroxytryptamine transporter (5-HTT) regulates 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) neurotransmission by removing 5-HT from the synaptic cleft. Emerging evidence from clinical and genetic studies implicates the 5-HTT in various neuropsychiatric conditions, including anxiety and depression. Here we report that a 5-HTT null mutant mouse line was generated by(More)
During vertebrate embryogenesis, the neuroectoderm differentiates into neural tissues and also into non-neural tissues such as the choroid plexus in the brain and the retinal pigment epithelium in the eye. The molecular mechanisms that pattern neural and non-neural tissues within the neuroectoderm remain unknown. We report that FGF9 is normally expressed in(More)
The alphaA-crystallin promoter was used to target expression of bone morphogenetic protein 7 (BMP7) to lens fiber cells in transgenic mice. Surprisingly, lens-specific expression of BMP7 induced widespread apoptosis and rapid ablation of the neural retina in multiple families. Subsequent to retinal ablation, the lens bow region shifted posteriorly until(More)
—The 5-hydroxytryptamine transporter (5-HTT) regulates 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) neurotransmission by removing 5-HT from the synaptic cleft. Emerging evidence from clinical and genetic studies implicates the 5-HTT in various neuro-psychiatric conditions, including anxiety and depression. Here we report that a 5-HTT null mutant mouse line was generated by(More)
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