Learn More
Leishmania species cause a spectrum of human diseases in tropical and subtropical regions of the world. We have sequenced the 36 chromosomes of the 32.8-megabase haploid genome of Leishmania major (Friedlin strain) and predict 911 RNA genes, 39 pseudogenes, and 8272 protein-coding genes, of which 36% can be ascribed a putative function. These include genes(More)
We analyzed three chromosomal loci of the trypanosomatid Leptomonas collosoma encoding box C/D small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs). All the snoRNAs that were analyzed here carry two sequences complementary to rRNA target sites and obey the +5 rule for guide methylation. Studies on transgenic parasites carrying the snoRNA-2 gene in the episomal expression vector(More)
The genome of Trypanosoma brucei, the causative agent of African trypanosomiasis, was published five years ago, yet identification of all genes and their transcripts remains to be accomplished. Annotation is challenged by the organization of genes transcribed by RNA polymerase II (Pol II) into long unidirectional gene clusters with no knowledge of how(More)
Small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs) are a large group of noncoding RNAs that exist in eukaryotes and archaea and guide modifications such as 2'-O-ribose methylations and pseudouridylation on rRNAs and snRNAs. Recently, we described a genome-wide screening approach with Trypanosoma brucei that revealed over 90 guide RNAs. In this study, we extended this approach(More)
In trypanosomes small nucleolar RNA (snoRNA) genes are clustered, and the clusters encode for either single or multiple RNAs. We previously reported on a genomic locus in Leptomonas collosoma that encodes for multiple C/D snoRNAs whose expression is regulated at the processing level (Xu, Y., Liu, L., Lopez-Estraño, C., and Michaeli, S. (2001) J. Biol. Chem.(More)
A capability for scanning electron microscopy of wet biological specimens is presented. A membrane that is transparent to electrons protects the fully hydrated sample from the vacuum. The result is a hybrid technique combining the ease of use and ability to see into cells of optical microscopy with the higher resolution of electron microscopy. The(More)
Small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs) constitute newly discovered noncoding small RNAs, most of which function in guiding modifications such as 2'-O-ribose methylation and pseudouridylation on rRNAs and snRNAs. To investigate the genome organization of Trypanosoma brucei snoRNAs and the pattern of rRNA modifications, we used a whole-genome approach to identify the(More)
Most pseudouridinylation in eukaryotic rRNA and small nuclear RNAs is guided by H/ACA small nucleolar RNAs. In this study, the Trypanosoma brucei pseudouridine synthase, Cbf5p, a snoRNP protein, was identified and silenced by RNAi. Depletion of this protein destabilized all small nucleolar RNAs of the H/ACA-like family. Following silencing, defects in rRNA(More)
Most eukaryotic C/D small nucleolar RNAs (snoRNAs) guide 2'-O methylation (Nm) on rRNA and are also involved in rRNA processing. The four core proteins that bind C/D snoRNA in Trypanosoma brucei are fibrillarin (NOP1), NOP56, NOP58, and SNU13. Silencing of NOP1 by RNA interference identified rRNA-processing and modification defects that caused lethality.(More)