Shulamit Kotzki

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BACKGROUND Intra-articular corticosteroid injection (IACI), a common procedure in juvenile idiopathic arthritis, is usually associated with anxiety and pain. In a previous study, we concluded that nitrous oxide (NO2) provides effective and safe sedation for such procedures. Following the introduction of medical clowns in our hospital, we added them as an(More)
Introduction Intra-articular corticosteroid injection (IASI), a common procedure in juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), is usually associated with anxiety and pain. In previous study we concluded that nitrous oxide (NO) provides effective and safe sedation for such procedures. The efficacy in reducing pain was associated with the level of the child’s(More)
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