Shulamit Bar-Shany

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The presence of anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibodies frequently indicates both persistent infection and infectivity. Consequently, blood donors found to be anti-HCV positive, are excluded from the donor pool. The aim of this study was to compare age, sex and ethnic differences in the prevalence of anti-HCV antibodies with that of hepatitis B surface(More)
We offered hepatitis B vaccine (Heptavax B) to 809 of the health care personnel of a 650-bed regional hospital; 290 accepted the offer. Anti-HBs measurement was done by enzyme immunoassay (AUSAB EIA, Abbott, UK) and expressed in mIU/ml. Seroconversion was determined at a level of 2.1 mIU/ml. Of 290 employees 58 (20%) were found positive for hepatitis B(More)
A serological survey of 300 Israeli intravenous drug addicts in 1988-1989, showed a 2.3% prevalence of antibodies to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), very similar to the finding of a previous study (2%) performed in the same population in 1986. Travel and drug injection abroad continue to be the most significant predictors of HIV seropositivity in this(More)
BACKGROUND All donated blood in Israel is tested for anti-hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibodies by enzyme immunoassay (EIA) and donors are notified of the result. There is evidence that at low antibody titres, the percentage of false positives may be high, with consequent labelling of healthy people as being infected with HCV. AIM In this study we examined(More)
Epidemiological studies of the human T-cell leukaemia/lymphoma virus type I (HTLV-I), a type-C retrovirus of the human T-lymphotropic virus family, have used serological surveys to identify population subgroups possessing a high prevalence of naturally occurring HTLV-I-specific antibodies. Studies carried out to delineate the global distribution of the(More)
OBJECTIVES Bacterial attachment is a prerequisite for colonization of the gastric epithelial surface. Recently, it was demonstrated that the receptor for Helicobacter pylori is the blood group antigen Lewis b, which is exposed only in blood group O. We prospectively examined the prevalence of blood groups in H. pylori-positive and -negative patients. To(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the prevalence of sexually transmitted pathogens in drug-addicted women in Tel Aviv, Israel. DESIGN A prospective study conducted between March and July 1987. SETTING A methadone clinic in Tel Aviv, Israel. SUBJECTS Sixty four asymptomatic female drug addicts were studied; 38 of them were declared practising prostitutes. METHODS(More)
Eighteen thousand eight hundred and thirty-three consecutive army inductees from the Tel Aviv and Central Districts in Israel were examined for hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAG) by the counterelectrophoresis technique. The overall prevalence was 1.36%, with a higher rate for males (1.84%) than for females (0.78%). The highest rates were observed among(More)