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BACKGROUND Epidemiological data suggest that the prevalence of syphilis, gonorrhea and trichomoniasis has increased in both urban and rural areas of Mongolia. These data are primarily substantiated by notifications of cases of clinically apparent disease in both rural and urban areas, plus laboratory diagnoses from the AIDS/STD Reference Center,(More)
BACKGROUND The epidemiology of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV in Vanuatu is poorly defined. GOAL The goal was to determine the prevalence of laboratory-confirmed gonorrhea, chlamydia, trichomoniasis, syphilis seroreactivity, and HIV among pregnant women in Vila, Vanuatu. STUDY DESIGN A cross-sectional survey of 547 pregnant women(More)
Ultra performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) using small particles and very high pressure has demonstrated higher resolution and speed compared with conventional HPLC. An additional benefit of UPLC is the significantly reduced consumption of mobile phase. This report discusses how column length, particle size, inner column diameter, extra column void(More)
BACKGROUND Self-collected samples have been shown to be an acceptable and sensitive method for the detection by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among women. GOAL The goal of the study was to compare self-collected sampling methods to conventional practitioner endocervical sampling for the PCR detection of Chlamydia(More)
A novel water-soluble polysaccharide, designated Bletilla striata polysaccharide b (BSPb), was isolated from a traditional Chinese medicinal herb, Bletilla striata. The crude polysaccharide was obtained by hot water extraction and purified by ion-exchange chromatography. The molecular weight was 260 kDa as determined by HPGPC (high performance gel(More)
OBJECTIVES Detection of Neisseria gonorrhoeae by commercial and in-house-based assays has been hampered by false-positive and false-negative results. The current study describes a sensitive and specific real-time 5'-nuclease PCR assay targeting a 90-bp region of the multicopy opa gene. GOAL To evaluate the sensitivity and specificity of this assay in(More)
Despite the evident success of using a multivalent approach to increase efficacy of targeted delivery, a clear understanding of how multiple ligands behave collectively to influence the uptake of nanoparticle cell-targeting agents has not been reached. Although when present in large quantity, multivalent ligands can increase binding avidities to cells, it(More)
Detection and typing of human papillomaviruses (HPVs) are requested by clinicians with growing frequency as part of the overall management of patients. A new method using consensus L1 amplification and a reverse line blot hybridization detection method has been described for broad spectrum HPV genotype identification. This method involves hybridization at(More)
The characterization of orally-delivered peptide pharmaceuticals presents several challenges to analytical methods in comparison to characterization of conventional small-molecule drugs. These challenges include the analysis and characterization of difficult-to-separate impurities, secondary structure, the amorphous solid-state form, and the integrity of(More)