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Oxidative damage from elevated production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) contributes to ischemia-reperfusion injury in myocardial infarction and stroke. The mechanism by which the increase in ROS occurs is not known, and it is unclear how this increase can be prevented. A wide variety of nitric oxide donors and S-nitrosating agents protect the ischemic(More)
Vitamin D is an important determinant of bone health at all ages. The plasma concentrations of 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25-OH D) and other metabolites are used as biomarkers for vitamin sufficiency and function. To allow for the simultaneous determination of five vitamin D metabolites, 25-OH D(3), 25-OH D(2), 24,25-(OH)(2) D(3), 1,25-(OH)(2) D(3), and(More)
The multidrug resistant protein MDR-1 has been associated with the resistance to a wide range of anti-cancer drugs. Taxol is a substrate for this transporter system and is used in the treatment of a wide range of human malignancies including lung, breast and ovarian cancer. We have generated a series of ovarian cell lines resistant to this compound, all of(More)
It has been established that loss of tumour suppressor genes is crucial in carcinogenesis. There has been no reported study on searching for tumour suppressor genes in cholangiocarcinomas as yet. In order to investigate the loss of heterozygosity (LOH), which may represent such gene loss, in cholangiocarcinoma, we studied 14 patients with this tumour using(More)
A reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography/electrospray ionisation mass spectrometry (RP-HPLC/ESI-MS) method was developed and validated for the simultaneous determination of ten major active components in Ginkgo biloba extract (bilobalide, ginkgolides A, B, C, quercetin, kaempferol, isorhamnetin, rutin hydrate, quercetin-3-beta-D-glucoside and(More)
Forty-two patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) were resected and their tumours were analysed for p53 mutations by GC-clamped denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE), single-strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) and gene sequencing. All the exons have been analysed in this study. Eight of 12 HCCs with cirrhosis due to viral hepatitis and the(More)
In order to investigate the relative levels of expression of human cytochrome P-450 (P-450) CYP2A genes and determine how this relates to polymorphism in coumarin hydroxylase activity, cDNA clones for members of the CYP2A gene family were isolated. These clones were CYP2A6, CYP2A7 and an alternatively spliced version of CYP2A7 (CYP2A7AS). The latter clone(More)
Vinca alkaloids are important chemotherapeutic agents, and their pharmacokinetic properties display significant interindividual variations, possibly due to CYP3A4-mediated metabolism. We have evaluated the relevance of this metabolism for the chemotherapeutic and the toxicological properties of these drugs. Analysis was performed using Chinese hamster ovary(More)
A segment of 712 bases coding for part of the human stearoyl-CoA desaturase gene was made by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using primers based on published rat cDNA sequences. The human PCR product was confirmed by DNA sequencing. It was next cloned into a vector from which anti-sense, highly radioactive RNA transcripts were made in vitro using T7(More)
Mitochondrial respiratory complex I is a product of both the nuclear and mitochondrial genomes. The integration of seven subunits encoded in mitochondrial DNA into the inner membrane, their association with 14 nuclear-encoded membrane subunits, the construction of the extrinsic arm from 23 additional nuclear-encoded proteins, iron-sulfur clusters, and(More)