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Klotho is a circulating protein, and Klotho deficiency disturbs endothelial integrity, but the molecular mechanism is not fully clarified. We report that vascular endothelium in Klotho-deficient mice showed hyperpermeability with increased apoptosis and down-regulation of vascular endothelial (VE)-cadherin because of an increase in VEGF-mediated internal(More)
A 48-year-old man was admitted to our hospital for investigation of mild renal dysfunction. A blood examination revealed mild elevation of creatinine level (1.77 mg/dl). Urinary examination revealed mild protein excretion (0.54 g/day) and microhematuria; renal biopsy revealed the focal proliferation of large mononuclear cells with mitosis in glomerular(More)
Recently, the authors experienced four patients who had refractory hypertension and neurovascular compression of the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM). One of them, a 49-year-old woman, had undergone continuous intravenous drip injections of calcium channel blockers and β-blockers for more than 3 years because of severe and refractory hypertension. The(More)
Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) is a hereditary systemic arteriopathy presenting with migraines, mood disorders, focal neurologic deficits, recurrent ischemic attacks and dementia in young adults. The genesis of this disease relates to missense mutation of the Notch3 gene. We report here a(More)
Anti-glomerular basement membrane (anti-GBM)-induced glomerulonephritis involves T-helper type 1 (Th1) responses leading to rapid crescent formation. As many inflammatory and immune responses in general are affected by histamine, we examined the effects of histaminergic ligands on immune renal injury in the rat. Female Wistar-Kyoto rats were injected(More)
OBJECTIVE This open-label, randomized controlled trial investigated the effects of cilnidipine, an L/N-type calcium channel blocker (CCB), in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). METHODS Sixty patients with CKD and well-controlled hypertension being treated with a renin- angiotensin system (RAS) inhibitor and an L-type CCB (L-CCB) were randomly(More)
Sarcoidosis is a systemic granulomatous disorder of unknown etiology, characterized by chronic noncaseating epitheloid granulomatous inflammation with tissue destruction [1,2]. Renal involvement affects 20% of patients with sarcoidosis [1,2] and can be found in patients with no other localizations of the disease [3]. A common cause of renal dysfunction is(More)
Peritonitis due to nontuberculous mycobacterium in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients is rare. However, when it occurs, PD catheter removal is required in most cases because of resistance to antibiotic therapy. We report a case of Mycobacterium abscessus peritonitis subsequent to tunnel infection after PD catheter-replacement surgery. The patient underwent(More)
We report a case of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) with acute renal failure. A 62-year-old man was admitted to our hospital on March 8, 2002 with leg edema and dyspnea on effort. About 3 weeks before admission, he was found to have slightly high serum creatinine (Cr) and high lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels by another home doctor. Physical examination(More)
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